Employed in U.S.: 61,600
Change expected in next decade: -8 percent
Average salary: $34,850
Consolidation and convergence are the top reasons the news industry is shrinking. News outlets are increasingly sharing each other’s content, which means they need fewer reporters and correspondents.
The news business gets hit particularly hard during economic downturns, as most revenue comes from advertising, and companies spend less on advertising during a slump. Improving technology is one bright light, which could drive some employment in online or mobile divisions.
Competition is expected to be intense for jobs at large and national newspapers, broadcast stations, and magazines. The best opportunities are expected to be with smaller, local news outlets, as well as for online news organizations, as technology generates demand for online reporters or mobile news units. Writers who can handle scientific or technical subjects will have an advantage.
Of course, it's worth noting that the media landscape is changing rapidly, and some of these journalism jobs may be morphing into something else—such as bloggers, for example.
For those just starting out, there are more opportunities for freelance work than full-time. Plus, it’s a big advantage to have a joint degree with journalism and another area of specialty, such as politics, economics, or biology, rather than a single degree in journalism.
As an alternative, journalism graduates are qualified for the related fields of advertising, public relations, or corporate communications.