In power since: 1989
Population: 40.1 million
1989 GDP per capita: $844
2010 GDP per capita: $2,466
GDP per capita change since 1989: +192%
Human Development Index 2010
Transparency International CPI 2010
Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir was a brigadier in the Sudanese army in 1989, when he led a bloodless coup d'état against the government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi, becoming the President of Sudan.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a warrant for the arrest of President al-Bashir on two counts of war crimes and five counts of crimes against humanity committed during the Darfur Conflict, making President al-Bashir the first head of state currently in power to be indicted by the ICC.
The indictment was described by Muammar Gaddafi as "First World terrorism," according to a report by France 24.
A U.S. diplomatic cable obtained by Wikileaks in 2010 revealed suspicions by the ICC chief prosecutor, Luis Moreno Ocampo, that President Bashir had embezzled $9 billion of his country's oil money in British bank accounts.