» more from Your Money Your Vote

9. Texas

Total Returns: 10,995,576
Returns With Income Tax Liability: 6,760,829
Returns With No Income Tax Liability: 4,234,747
Nonpayers: 38.5%

According to Kasprak, Texas doesn’t rank very high in terms of the factors that contribute to high populations of nonpayers. It is, however, second in the nation in terms of recipients receiving refundable child tax credits.

“This indicates a higher-than-normal percentage of low-income people choosing to have children,” he said. “So that is likely a big part of the nonpayers picture there.”

Holly Wilmeth | 4 Eyes Photography | Getty Images