Almost 30 million people are living in conditions of modern-day slavery, with India home to the largest enslaved population globally, according to a new index.
The Global Slavery Index 2013, which ranks 162 countries, said India had almost 14 million slaves, followed by China at 2.9 million and Pakistan at 2.1 million. Three quarters of those trapped in modern slavery are concentrated in just 10 countries.
The index published by the Walk Free Foundation, an Australian-based rights organization, defines slavery as forced labor, human trafficking and practices such as debt bondage, forced marriage, the exploitation of children.
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In India, the exploitation of citizens largely takes place through debt bondage, or forced work for an employer as a way of paying a debt. In China, it is mainly through forced labor of men, women and children, domestic servitude and forced begging.