The dollar gained against the currencies of U.S. trading partners, and oil prices rose 60 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $94.60 a barrel, down a penny from the week-ago close. Gold futures fell $23.90, or 1.8 percent, to $1,284.60 an ounce, leaving the metal down 2.2 percent from last Friday's finish.
"This is an unexpectedly large beat for a report we expected to fall short," emailed Dan Greenhaus, chief global strategist at BTIG LLC, after the jobs report. But, given the likely impact of the government shutdown, "we have to wait until November's report to get a fuller picture of what's happening this fall," he added.
The data, however, set off speculation that the Federal Reserve could reduce stimulus before the end of the year, with the yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note used in figuring mortgage rates and other consumer loans jumping 15 basis points to 2.75 percent.
"This is an outside surprise that moves the discussion of taper from March to December, and I think that's what the 10-year is trying to price in right now," said Art Hogan, market strategist at Lazard Capital Markets.
Stock futures had turned lower immediately after the release of the data, which had a net 204,000 new jobs created last month, easily beating the 120,000 number anticipated, while the unemployment rate rose to 7.3 percent. Economists polled by Reuters expected the U.S. economy to have added 125,000 jobs in October compared with 148,000 in September.
"The good news is, at some point in time, we'll get back to that mindset we had in August, where taper is good news," added Hogan of thinking that signals from economic reports and the Fed that the economy is strong enough to withstand a cut in central-bank stimulus should be taken as a positive by the equities market.
The stock market offered muted reaction to a gauge of consumer sentiment coming in below expectations, with the Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan's preliminary November consumer sentiment index falling to 72.0 from 73.2 in the final October report. This month's count comes in below the 74.5 that had been forecast.
A separate report showed U.S. consumers slowed their spending in September, even as overall income expanded for a second month.
On Thursday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 1 percent, the S&P 500 took its worst hit in ten weeks and the Nasdaq skidded 2 percent following the data.