"We have growing confidence in the economy—consumers, corporations and middle market companies are in increasingly good financial shape and housing has turned the corner in most markets...," he said in a statement.
Dimon has been pushing to improve the bank's profitability after net income dropped 16 percent last year due to massive legal settlements and rising costs to improve compliance with laws and regulations.
JPMorgan's revenue from fixed-income fell 21 percent to $3.8 billion in the quarter ended March 31, while revenue from equity markets fell 3 percent to $1.3 billion.
Read MoreWells Fargo profit rises 14% as costs fall
Some investors worry about how much of the big banks' revenue streams from fixed-income trading have been lost forever as a result of changes ordered by regulators to make the banking system safer. JPMorgan's annual costs to comply with laws and regulations and control risk have increased by about $2 billion.
JPMorgan, the first big investment bank to report for the quarter, said non-interest expenses fell 5 percent in the latest quarter to $14.6 billion.
Mortgage lending falls
Dimon is aiming to hold down overhead - which he defines as non-interest expenses aside from litigation - to below an average of $14.75 billion per quarter, or $59 billion for the year.
Mortgage banking net income fell to $114 million in the quarter, a drop of $559 million from the year-earlier period.
The bank's mortgage originations fell 68 percent to $17 billion from a year earlier, and were down 27 percent from the fourth quarter.
U.S. mortgage lending has been cooling as homeowners finish refinancing their loans.
JPMorgan, the largest U.S. bank by assets, said total assets at the end of March stood at $2.48 trillion, up from $2.42 trillion at the end of December.
The firm's supplementary leverage ratio, a measure of a bank's capital compared with its assets, stood at 5.1 percent at the end of the quarter.
Leverage ratios took on added importance on Tuesday when the Federal Reserve approved new rules setting minimum levels that could force the eight biggest U.S. banks to boost their capital by a total of $68 billion.
The rule sets a higher minimum of 6 percent for the company's insured bank subsidiary.
Before the rule was approved in its latest form, JPMorgan had said it was on track to raise its ratio from 4.6 percent at the end of December to the 5 percent minimum for its holding company by the end of this year.
Litigation expenses 'immaterial'
JPMorgan said its litigation expenses were immaterial in the latest quarter, under its "other corporate" accounting line.
Litigation expenses totaled $347 million in the year-earlier quarter and $847 million in the fourth-quarter.
In the first quarter two years ago, litigation costs totaled$2.5 billion as the bank built up reserves in anticipation of big legal settlements that it ultimately reached in 2013.
Read More Consumer, telecom stocks may lead earnings growth
JPMorgan paid more than $20 billion last year to resolve legal claims stemming from range faults, including its London Whale derivatives loss and its marketing of bad mortgage securities before the financial crisis.
The rise in compliance costs is a hurdle to Dimon's goal of bringing down overhead to below $59 billion from $60 billion in 2013.