It's still unclear who will win India's long-running national elections, but business interests know who they like: Narendra Modi, a man they hope will spread the same business-friendly climate across all of India that he already brought to Gujarat, the Indian state he now leads.
Yet, some nations are looking at Modi warily, because of a disputed role that Modi may have played in the 2002 riots in Gujarat that killed more than 1,000 people—a majority of them Muslims.
"A number of Muslim-led nations countries would at least be suspicious" of Modi, said Jonah Blank, senior political scientist at Rand Corp. "Modi's rise in India is being watched very closely by Pakistan."
Modi was accused of condoning violence against Muslims during the Gujarat riots. Modi has denied wrongdoing, in the three days of fighting between Hindu and Muslim civilians, and an investigation by India's supreme court cleared him in 2012. According to Blank, animosity remains toward the Gujarat chief minister, and subsequent rhetoric from Modi has worried Pakistan specifically.