It would mark a shift from the latest World Cup, as Brazil faces continued grumblings over its decision to spend over $13 billion to build game infrastructure, much of which is unlikely to be reused, when the country faces pressing needs, including widespread poverty.
"The Qataris in principle have said that they are willing to reform their system and that would include a substantial improvement for workers, both in terms of the recruitment system which is onerous and corrupt, as well as in terms of living and working conditions," Dorsey said. "What the international community really wants is an abolition of the kafala system."
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Under the system, workers must surrender their passports to employers, who have control of their movement within the country and whether they can change jobs or leave the country. Qatar's Ministry of Economy and Commerce didn't immediately return an emailed request for comment.
"In a society where the citizenry is 12 percent of the population, foreigners are 88 percent, everything changes" when labor laws are changed, Dorsey said.
Others also are hoping that the World Cup will spur change in the country.
"If FIFA demand Qatar abolish kafala and respect fundamental international rights, it will happen," Sharan Burrow, general secretary at the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), said in a report in March.
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As many as 1,200 migrant workers may have died in Qatar since it was awarded the cup and another 4,000 are likely to die before the event starts, the report said. It cited squalid, crowded living conditions. Many workers live without running water or sanitation facilities and perform heavy work during the summer heat.