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Google by the numbers, 10 years after the IPO

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It's not just a company, it's a verb.

Since going public on Aug. 19, 2004, at $85 a share, Google has grown into the world's second biggest tech company, trailing only Apple in value.

The facts of Google's first 10 years are impressive.

Start with Google's market cap, which now exceeds $390 billion. That's greater than Microsoft, Facebook, IBM, Oracle or Intel. That's nearly twice the market cap of JPMorgan Chase, and just slightly less than the value of Exxon Mobil.

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Investors who bought at the IPO have gotten an incredible return, more than 1,200 percent, split-adjusted. Naturally, that massive stock run-up have made Google's founders incredibly wealthy.

Co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin are now worth more than $31 billion each. That puts them in the world's top 20 billionaires, according to Forbes.

(Scroll through an interactive timeline of Google's post-IPO history, below)

Its revenues reached $16 billion in the latest quarter, and the company now has more than 52,000 employees.

Google has also amassed an impressive cash hoard—more than $61 billion at the end of June. Despite that, Google says publicly that "we have never declared or paid a cash dividend, nor do we expect any cash dividends in the foreseeable future."

Read MoreEx-Googlers: Where are they now?

Still, Google has put some of its riches to work, acquiring more than 150 companies, from Motorola Mobility and Nest to a wave of robotics and wireless companies.

But the core is search, and the advertising generated from those queries.

The numbers on Google search are massive by any metric. Google processes over 3.5 billion searches every day and more than 1.2 trillion searches per year worldwide.

Mobile search is becoming a bigger piece of its business. While Yahoo and Microsoft have sought to eat into Google's search and advertising market share, they've come up short thus far.

With all of Google's projected endeavors, like Glass and self-driving cars, there's no question Google wants to remain the world's main destination to access the wealth of information at home, work and in an increasingly mobile world.

Read MoreGoogle's biggest hits...and misses

—By CNBC's Mark Berniker