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Views of Congress are even worse. Just 8 percent of people who took the poll approved of the lawmakers, with 81 percent disapproving, according to ConvergEx. On financial services issues, 46 percent give Congress a "D" or "F."
"We are looking at the worst relationship between the financial services industry and Washington in living memory," Nicholas Colas, ConvergEx's chief market strategist, said in a statement. "You would have to go back before the modern era of regulation to find comparable antagonism toward the federal government from Wall Street."
A strong Republican showing in the upcoming elections could move the markets up.
A majority of respondents said stocks would respond positively to a GOP win, with eight of nine market sectors, especially energy and financials, benefiting. Health care is likely to benefit from Democratic victories, according to the poll.
"This survey points to hope by the end of the year, as respondents think a Republican win will lead to a rally in most sectors," Colas added. "With approval ratings currently so low they can only go up, this election could be a turning point in the relationship between Wall Street and Washington."
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The ConvergEx survey was made up of 186 online respondents from Oct. 21 to Oct. 23 and has a margin of error of plus or minus 10 percent.