As a result, polls have shown both Republican candidates in the fights of their lives, as their Democratic opponents—State Sen. Jason Carter campaigning to replace Deal, and former nonprofit CEO Michelle Nunn seeking to recapture the Senate seat once held by her father, Sam Nunn—cede no ground on the economy, and hit the recent hiccups on jobs hard.
"Under the governor's plan, the middle class has been left behind, and we're all feeling that pain," Carter, grandson of former President Jimmy Carter, said in an Oct. 26 debate.
Nunn, meanwhile, claimed in a recent TV ad that Perdue "spent most of his career moving U.S. jobs overseas," a charge Perdue dismisses as "desperate."
The Georgia governor's race is among the most expensive in the country. The Senate campaign, with nearly $40 million spent so far, according to the Center for Responsive Politics, trails only the high-profile Senate race in Kentucky, where Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell is neck-and-neck with Democratic challenger Allison Lundergan Grimes.
Read MoreState winners and losers in the jobs war
Nationwide, business-oriented groups like the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and Americans for Prosperity, which is backed by the billionaire Koch brothers, have been funneling unprecedented amounts of money toward Republicans. On the Democratic side, the Senate Majority PAC and the NextGen Climate Action Committee founded by former hedge fund manager Tom Steyer have been cranking up the money machine. But on the eve of Tuesday's election, several key races in addition to those in Georgia—and the debate over jobs—remain up in the air.