From territorial disputes with neighbors to rivalry with the United States, China is setting aside some of its biggest foreign policy challenges to prevent discord at a summit of Asia-Pacific leaders that it hosts next week.
What's not clear is whether the guests will behave as well.
One potential hotspot is the conflict in Ukraine, as U.S. President Barack Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin are both coming for the meeting.
So too is Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott, who is furious with Russia over what he called the "murder" of Australian citizens in the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 over Ukraine. He has promised to confront Putin.
For its part, China is dialing down the rhetoric on territorial rows with Japan and Southeast Asia, trade disputes and its backing of a new multilateral bank that is seen as a rival to U.S.-backed institutions. It's also trying to make sure Beijing's notorious smog does not affect the most important international event it has hosted since the 2008 Olympics.
"China is going out of its way to be nice ahead of APEC (the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting)," said a Beijing-based foreign envoy. "It's being treated as this year's Olympics."
APEC groups 21 economies which account for 40 percent of the world's population, 54 percent of its economic output and 44 percent of trade.
Foreign Minister Wang Yi told a forum last week that China wanted to host a "harmonious and smooth" APEC that would leave a "deep impression on history".
Wang, usually not at ease before the foreign media, even took a few questions, promising that China would be a "good host" to Japan, with whom relations have soured since a row erupted over ownership of islands in the East China Sea and its prime minister's visit to a shrine that honors those killed in battle.
Earlier in the week, State Councillor Yang Jiechi, who is China's top diplomat, visited Hanoi and said he wanted a lasting solution to a bitter spat in the South China Sea that over the summer lead to anti-Chinese violence in Vietnam.
On another area of possible friction, China's $50 billion Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, President Xi Jinping sought to set minds at ease last month by saying China wanted to learn from the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, both of which count Washington and its allies as their biggest financial backers.
"China has made it very clear that this is the first big international hosting from the new leadership and they're very serious about it," Alan Bollard, head of the APEC Secretariat, told Reuters, although he admitted there was "more politics in the background" than at some other recent summits.
"Where I see potential political frictions, they are not ones that flow into the economic initiatives that are being proposed," Bollard added.