Danger of right-wing uproar after Paris attacks

There is a "danger" that right-wing parties throughout Europe could react to the terrorist shootings in Paris by making migrant communities a "scape goat" for economic problems, experts warned.

Ayham Kamel, Middle East analyst at political risk consultancy Eurasia, told CNBC on Friday that the attack at the office of satirical magazine "Charlie Hebdo" in Paris, in which 12 people died, could provoke further extremism from right-wing political movements.

"The danger here that there is an over-reaction by the right that creates a broader conflict between Muslim communities in Europe and European societies at large," Kamel said.

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Alain Jocard | AFP | GettyImages

Party leaders from the U.K. Independence Party (UKIP) and France's Front National (FN) – the most prominent right-wing populist parties in those countries -- have been accused of using the killings for political point scoring.

UKIP leader Nigel Farage said the attack by suspected Islamists at the attack was "truly horrific" and raised questions about what he called a "gross policy of multi-culturalism" in Europe.

Marine Le Pen, the leader of the FN, called for a referendum on bringing back the death penalty.

Speaking to television channel "France 2" on Thursday, Le Pen called on France to reject Islamic fundamentalism, and was due to meet French President Francois Hollande on Friday morning to discuss measures to protect "the countrymen."

In the meantime,French security forces killed the two brothers suspected in the Charlie Hebdo massacre while raiding a factory where they had holed up with a hostage. Their hostage was freed, according to reports. However, several hostages at the siege of a kosher supermarket in Paris were killed, according to multiple media reports.

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'Scape goats'

Last year, parties like UKIP and the FN that campaigned on anti-European Union and anti-immigrant platforms saw their popularity rise as anti-immigrant feeling grew as Europe struggled to recover from the economic crisis.

In September 2014, the FN won its first ever seats in the French Senate, amid a broad swing to the right that saw Socialist President François Hollande lose his majority in the upper house of parliament.

Meanwhile, the rise of UKIP and grassroots movements like Pegida in Germany testify to the fact that anti-immigration sentiment is prominent in even countries with more robust economies.

Although Muslim organizations in Europe have condemned the "Charlie Hebdo" attack, experts warned that Islamophobia would increase and that Muslims would become a useful "scapegoat" for economic problems in France and beyond.

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"There is a danger that these events will exacerbate the Islamophobia that has been growing in sections of French society for some time," Iain Stewart, a lecturer in Modern European History at University of London, told CNBC, Friday.

"This Islamophobia is not confined to the far-right, but the party most likely to exploit it for political gain is the Front National."

Ruth Wodak , the author of "Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse," told CNBC she believed that France's migrant community would become a "scape goat" for the "huge challenges currently facing French society."

"There is no doubt that right-wing populist parties and extreme right-wing parties, who are continuously riding attacks against Muslims and Islam, will try to score political points (from the attack)," she said in an email to CNBC Friday.

"They will continue to direct their attacks against a generalised homogenous group of Muslims, migrants and asylum seekers, without differentiating between fundamentalist Islam and moderate Muslims."

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