The growing momentum behind both parties such as UKIP and grassroots movements like Pegida, which has led thousands to take to the streets across Germany to protest against Islam, highlights how we could see a range of anti establishment populist parties grow in 2015 and beyond, according to one analyst.
"I think we'll see many of these anti-establishment parties continuing to gain support but it's important not to lump them all together," Pawel Swidlicki, policy analyst at think tank Open Europe, told CNBC.
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"A lot of them are country specific – for example, UKIP opposes immigration from within the European Union but many anti-immigration parties in the EU are more concerned about immigration from outside the EU."
Although the content of their policies varied, such parties were a manifestation of European leaders being out of touch with many voters and their concerns, Swidlicki believed.
"In Mediterranean countries like Italy and Spain, it's not just the economic situation that voters are fed up with, it's a deep-rooted dissatisfaction with the ruling political class," he said.
He said that more could be done at a European level-including devolving some powers back from the European Union to national governments on matters such as deciding who can access the welfare state, while the EU focuses more on promoting the region.