Facing cash crunch, Greece set to tap into bank rescue fund

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Greece is set to tap into more than half a billion euros of funds sitting in the country's bank rescue fund as it scrambles to find money this month amid a cash crunch, banking and government sources told Reuters on Tuesday.

Shut out of debt markets and with aid from lenders on hold, Athens risks running out of cash in the coming weeks after a steep fall in state revenues.

The government faces a 1.5 billion euro ($1.6 billion) loan repayment to the International Monetary Fund this month and has to refinance some 3.2 billion euros of maturing short-term treasury paper.

To help ease the looming crisis, the government plans to take 555 million euros sitting at the Hellenic Financial Stability Fund (HFSF) -- the bank rescue vehicle that was used in 2012 to recapitalise its main lenders.

Greece's four top banks -- National, Piraeus, Eurobank and Piraeus -- handed over this money in commissions following their recapitalization.

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"This is money for which there is no other claim, it is available for the government," a senior banker with direct knowledge of the matter told Reuters, declining to be named.

"The HFSF has discussed this with the European Stability Mechanism over the weekend and there is no issue," the banker added, referring to the euro zone rescue fund. He said it was up to the government to decide when it withdraws the cash.

The HFSF, funded from the country's EU/IMF bailout with 50 billion euros, recapitalized lenders with European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) bonds, which banks can still use as collateral for direct funding from the European Central Bank.

Greece has been also looking to tap into the cash reserves of pension funds and public sector entities through repo transactions to cover part of its funding needs in March.

In such transactions, pension funds and other state entities sitting on cash lend the money to the country's debt agency through a short-term repurchase agreement for up to 15 days, debt agency officials have told Reuters.

Greece is due to resume talks with its creditors in Brussels on Wednesday, with the aim of unlocking desperately needed funding for the heavily indebted state.