In a world with intelligent transportation, drivers will receive warnings of road conditions and approaching cars well before such hazards enter their field of vision.
That world isn't too far off as more companies develop technology for cars to communicate with each other and exploit real-time data from road infrastructure. Known as vehicle-to-everything (V2X) technology, experts say it's a crucial tool for governments building 'Smart Cities.' Alongside other connected technologies like electronic fee collection, V2X falls under the umbrella of intelligent transport systems (ITS).
"More roads, tunnels, or overpasses will not solve the traffic challenges in global megacities in the long run. What we need is more intelligent transport systems. V2X will bring significant benefits to society, saving lives as well as limiting congestion, travel time and carbon dioxide emissions," said Drue Freeman, senior vice president of global automotive sales and marketing at NXP Semiconductors.
V2X operates on wireless communication technology. It's capable of analyzing data like speed and direction from other vehicles and collecting information from surrounding infrastructure such as road signs and traffic lights across a two kilometer distance. The data creates 360-degree awareness for each vehicle's surroundings and may reduce multi-car accidents by 80 percent, according to a U.S. Department of Transportation study last month.