China inflation slows again in October

An employee works on an assembly line producing Mercedes-Benz cars in Beijing, August 31, 2015.
Kim Kyung-Hoon | Reuters
An employee works on an assembly line producing Mercedes-Benz cars in Beijing, August 31, 2015.

China's consumer inflation moderated more than expected in October, while producer prices extended their decline to the 44th straight month, flagging persistent deflationary pressure in the world's second largest economy.

The October consumer price index (CPI) rose 1.3 percent from a year earlier, compared with 1.6 percent in September, National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) data showed on Tuesday. The reading came in below expectations of a 1.5 percent rise, according to a Reuters poll of economists.

The producer price index (PPI) fell 5.9 percent in October from a year earlier, equal to the 5.9 percent decline in September and slightly worse than economists' forecasts of a 5.8 percent drop.

Markets are ready for China's Q4 data: Kurtz
Markets are ready for China's Q4 data: Kurtz

The weak inflation print continues an already well-established trend of falling producer prices and tepid consumer price rises, in part a result of sharply lower commodity prices in 2015 but also reflecting slowing demand growth for many goods..

Heavy industrial firms and miners, hit by an extended slump in the real estate sector which drives final demand for many of their products, have fared particularly poorly.

Read MoreChina's trade drops well below expectations in October

The Luan Group, a state coal miner, said last month it had no choice but to cut output and put workers on extended unpaid leave.

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China is already in its biggest easing cycle since the height of the financial crisis, but low inflation means that real interest rates remain high for many firms, especially manufacturers many of whom have already endured several years of falling factory gate prices.

The central bank has cut benchmark interest six times since November last year and repeatedly reduced banks' reserve requirement ratio.

More stimulus is needed to secure Beijing's growth target of no less than 6.5 percent in the next five years, and pave the way for a the transition to more a consumption-led growth model, analysts say.

Trade figures disappointed analyst expectations by a wide margin in October with exports falling 6.9 percent and imports slipping 18.8 percent. Activities in China's factory sector fell for the eight months in October, private and official survey showed, though the reading pointed to a slower pace of contraction.