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The complete history of the CNBC Disruptor 50

You may have been surprised a few years ago when Google acquired traffic app Waze or Facebook paid more than $21 billion for messaging service Whatsapp. We weren't. This year marks the fourth year of the CNBC Disruptor 50, and in that short history a lot has changed for these companies. Ten past Disruptors are now public companies; 12 have been acquired; three of the previous Disruptors went the way of many start-ups, shutting down, including one courtesy of a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision. Eight companies have made the Disruptor list all four years. Below is the complete history of the CNBC Disruptor 50, with details on every start-up to make the list between 2013 and 2016.

Company
2016 rank
2015 rank
2014 rank
2013 made the list*
Material changes
23andMe 5 - - Yes -
3D Robotics - - - Yes -
Aereo - - 7 Yes Bankrupt November 21, 2014. It was later purchased by DVR company TiVo for $1 million in March 2015.
Airbnb 2 5 41 Yes -
AngelList - - 26 - -
Appito - - 30 - IPO September 23, 2016.
Atlassian - - - Yes IPO December 10, 2015.
Audax Health - - - Yes Acquired by United Health Care February 19, 2014.
Betterment - 36 45 - -
Bill.com - - 37 - -
Birchbox - 43 50 - -
Blippar 9 19 - - -
Bloom Energy 6 3 - - -
Boku - - - Yes -
Box - - - Yes IPO January 23, 2015.
BrightRoll - - 27 - Acquired by Yahoo November 11, 2014.
Bromium - - - Yes -
BuzzFeed - - - Yes -
Castlight Health - - - Yes IPO March 17, 2014.
ChargePoint - - 12 - -
CircleUp - - - Yes -
Cloudera 14 - - - IPO April 28, 2017.
CloudFlare 24 - - - -
Coinbase - 31 35 - -
Cool Planet Energy Systems - - 25 - -
Coursera 10 - - - -
Cylance 40 - - - -
DAQRI 15 - - - -
Dataminr 43 - 13 - -
Deezer 36 - - - -
Diamond Foundry 33 - - - -
DocuSign - 13 29 - -
Dollar Shave Club - 37 - - Acquired by Unilever July 19, 2016
DraftKings - 45 - - -
Dropbox 42 6 24 Yes -
EcoMotors - - 22 - -
Etsy - - 3 Yes IPO April 1, 2015.
Ezetap 3 - - - -
Fon - - 40 - -
Foursquare - - - Yes -
Fullscreen - - 21 - Acquired by Otter Media/ Chernin Group/ AT&T September 22, 2014.
GENBAND - 22 - - -
Getaround - - - Yes -
Ginger.io - - - Yes -
Ginkgo Bioworks 7 - - - -
GitHub 48 20 6 - -
HackerRank - 30 - - -
Hampton Creek Foods - 24 36 - -
Hearsay Social - 39 - - -
HotelTonight - - - Yes -
Houzz 11 11 - - -
Humacyte 37 - - - -
Impossible Foods - 42 - - -
INRIX - - - Yes -
InsideSales.com 31 - - - -
Instacart 50 - - - -
Intarcia Therapeutics - 29 - - -
Jaunt 47 - - - -
Kabam - - - Yes -
Kabbage 35 - - - -
Kickstarter - - 49 Yes -
Klarna 8 33 - - -
Kumu Networks - - 44 - -
Kymeta - - 46 Yes -
LanzaTech 13 - - - -
Lending Club - - 33 Yes IPO December 11, 2014.
LightSail Energy - - - Yes -
LISNR 45 12 - - -
LiveU - - - Yes -
Lyft 27 - - - -
MakerBot - - - Yes Acquired by Stratasys June 19, 2013.
Medium 26 - - - -
MicroSeismic - - - Yes -
Moderna Therapeutics 41 1 8 - -
MongoDB 19 27 42 - -
Motif Investing 44 23 4 - -
Narrative Science - 46 - - -
Nebula - - 31 - Bankrupt April 1, 2015.
Nest Labs - - - Yes Acquired by Google January 13, 2014.
Nexmo - - 39 - Acquired by Vonage May 5, 2016.
Nextdoor - 49 - - -
Nutanix - 44 - - IPO September 30, 2016.
Okta 38 - - - IPO April 7, 2017.
Opower - - - Yes IPO April 4, 2014. Acquired by Oracle May 1, 2016.
Optoro - 38 - - -
Oscar 17 17 43 - -
OUYA - - - Yes Acquired by Razer July 28, 2015.
Palantir Technologies 4 7 5 Yes -
Personal Capital - 18 17 - -
Phononic 18 - - - -
Picarro - - - Yes -
Pinterest 46 35 32 Yes -
Pure Storage - 16 19 - IPO October 6, 2015
Qubole - 48 - - -
Quirky - 15 18 Yes Bankrupt September 22, 2015
Redfin - - 34 - -
Rent the Runway - 28 38 Yes -
Rethink Robotics - - - Yes -
Shape Security - - 23 - -
Shapeways - - - Yes -
Shopify - - - Yes IPO May 21, 2015.
SimpliVity 22 - - - Acquired by Hewlett Packard Enterprise January 17, 2017
Skybox Imaging - - 14 - Acquired by Google June 10, 2014.
Slack 23 9 - - -
Snapchat 16 50 48 - IPO March 2, 2017. Now known as Snap.
SoFi 49 25 - - -
SpaceX 30 2 1 Yes -
Spotify 25 47 9 Yes -
Square - 40 - Yes IPO November 19, 2015.
Stripe 29 - 15 - -
SugarCRM - 32 - - -
SurveyMonkey 32 14 - - -
Synack 20 21 - - -
Teespring 21 - - - -
TransferWise - 8 16 - -
Tumblr - - - Yes Acquired by Yahoo May 20, 2013.
Twilio 39 41 47 Yes IPO June 23, 2016
Twitter - - - Yes IPO November 7, 2013
Uber 1 4 10 Yes -
Udacity 12 - - - -
Veniam 28 - - - -
Warby Parker - 10 2 Yes -
Waze - - - Yes Acquired by Google June 11, 2013.
Wealthfront - 34 20 Yes -
WeWork 34 - - - -
WhatsApp - - - Yes Acquired by Facebook February 19, 2014.
Yext - - 28 - IPO April 13, 2017.
ZenPayroll - 26 - - Now known as Gusto.
ZocDoc - - - Yes -
Zuora - - 11 - -