China's yuan climbed at its fastest pace against the greenback in a year in offshore trade Thursday, offering some relief to a currency bedeviled by capital outflow concerns recently.
On Thursday, dollar was fetching as little as 6.8071 yuan in intraday, offshore trade, the pair's lowest since November. On Wednesday, the dollar/yuan pair had its largest drop in a year in the offshore market, falling from as high as 6.9688 to as low as 6.8658.
In part, that reflected the yuan's climb onshore, as well as move by the People's Bank of China (PBOC) to set its yuan mid-point at 6.9307 against the dollar, down from 6.9526 on Wednesday.
China's central bank does not allow the currency to move more than 2 percent from its daily fixing in onshore trade. While policymakers cannot closely control offshore trade of the currency, it usually remains relatively close to its onshore counterpart.
On Thursday, the difference between the onshore and offshore trade was stark. Onshore, the dollar was fetching 6.8952 yuan.
But analysts noted that the offshore yuan's move was also driven by mainland policymakers' apparent efforts to tighten capital controls.
China regulators introduced new rules, which will take effect in July, requiring financial institutions on the mainland to report domestic and overseas cash transactions of more than 50,000 yuan (around $7,217), down from 200,000 yuan previously, Reuters reported.
Starting from January 1, the country's foreign-exchange regulator also planned to step up scrutiny on foreign-currency purchases, Reuters reported.
Additionally, overnight Hibor, or the Hong Kong interbank offered rate, for the offshore yuan, was pushed higher, reaching as high as 17.76 percent on Tuesday, before slipping to around 16.95 percent on Wednesday. On Thursday, Reuters reported the rate was set at 38.335 percent.
Mirza Baig, head of foreign exchange and interest rate strategy for Asia at BNP Paribas, said that level, similar to what would be seen in economically troubled Brazil, served up a punitive interest rate on any short renminbi position in the offshore-yuan market.