The euro climbed from an eight-month low on Thursday after German and French business activity beat expectations.
The euro's resolve could be starting to crack, as it cleared "psychologically significant" barriers, according to strategists.
The euro hit an eight-month low against the dollar on Wednesday as worries drove investors away from the single currency.
The U.S. dollar turned flat against the euro, giving up earlier gains which drove the European currency to an eight-month low.
The euro regained ground on the dollar, but trading was not energetic thanks to a holiday in Japan and geopolitical tensions.
The yen hit a five-month high versus the euro - and held some of its gains against the dollar - as investors saw the currency as a safe haven.
The yen hit a five-month high against the euro on renewed safe-haven inflows as the West imposed further sanctions against Russia.
The dollar clung to gains after bulls latched onto a comment by the head of the Fed that rates could rise sooner if employment continued to improve.
The yen eased on Tuesday after the Bank of Japan's growth warning, but it stopped short of hinting at a new bout of money-printing.
The dollar was steady as investors awaited pivotal events, including Fed Chair Janet Yellen's congressional testimony, for fresh cues.
The yen was near a five-month peak against the euro as banking woes in Portugal drove equities lower and lifted demand for the safe-haven currency.
The yen rose as investors sought shelter from economic stress in Europe.
The BoE left interest rates and its asset purchase target unchanged amid concerns that a strong sterling is choking off an economic recovery.
The euro traded marginally stronger, with traders looking to a speech by ECB and minutes from the Fed meeting today.
The outlook for central bank policymaking dominated attention in major currency markets on Tuesday, with the dollar rally already fading.
German industrial output fell 1.8 percent on the month in May, its biggest drop in more than two years, surprising most analysts.
The dollar struggled to make more headway after a jump in U.S. job creation left stock markets in optimistic mood.
The dollar was broadly bid on Thursday by a stronger-than-expected U.S. nonfarm payrolls report for June.
The report boded well for Thursday's U.S. nonfarm payrolls report, and provided a boost to the dollar.
A UK factory survey adds to evidence that Britain's consumer-led recovery is becoming more balanced and sustainable.