Pairing up workers with available jobs has been one of the biggest obstacles in getting unemployment down.
While the headline rate has fallen, it has largely resulted from discouraged workers leaving the labor force, which is at a three-decade high. The principal unemployment rate includes only those unemployed who are looking for jobs. A broader gauge that measures discouraged and underemployed workers remains elevated at 14.3 percent.
The Federal Reserve is tying monetary policy to the headline unemployment rate and said it will not start raising interest rates until joblessness falls to 6.5 percent.
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"What is important about this debate is that if most of what's holding back a faster improvement in the unemployment rate is structural in nature—i.e. a skills mismatch that will only be corrected via retraining of the workforce and/or the gradual improvement in the housing market—then the Fed is ill-equipped to deal with this problem," RBC said. "No amount of quantitative easing will make the gargantuan amount of unskilled labor supply more employable."
Consequently, the jobs picture is likely to remain muddy.
For all the optimism of the government's report Friday, there were other weaknesses in the data.
More than 100,000 of the new positions came through the Labor Department's Birth/Death Model, which approximates the number of positions created through new business creation and failure.
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The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey, also from the government, showed a net of 145,000 new positions filled, which is at or just below the level associated with bringing down the unemployment rate.
Market research firm TrimTabs said its independent count, which relies on income tax withholdings, showed just 100,000 new jobs.
"The U.S. economy is not as strong as the conventional wisdom believes." said TrimTabs CEO David Santschi.
—By CNBC's Jeff Cox