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World's Second Biggest IPO of Year Lists This Week

Kiyoshi Ota | Bloomberg | Getty Images

The world's second biggest initial public offering (IPO) of the year, a $4 billion new listing by Suntory Beverage and Food, makes its debut on the Tokyo stock exchange this week.

But it does so amid a backdrop of volatile equity markets, something that may not bode well for trading in the new shares.

"If you look at the hype you get with big IPOs and the big gains you often get in the first few days of trade, those days are now over," said Kelly Teoh, markets strategist at IG Markets in Singapore.

(Read More: Larger IPOs Are Back…But From a New Place)

"We've seen a lot of IPOs this year that have not done well and that's because of the market volatility, because of the fears about an unwinding of the Fed's [U.S. Federal Reserve's] monetary stimulus," she added.

According to professional services firm Ernst & Young, Asia has seen about 111 IPO deals that have raised $16 billion in the first half of 2013, that's down from 209 deals raising almost $24 billion in the same period last year.

Weak investor appetite amid volatile markets contributed to Suntory Holdings pricing its food and soft drinks unit at 3,100 yen ($31.68) per share, at the bottom end of a 3,000-3,800 yen per share range.

Still, the IPO is Asia's biggest so far this year, followed by a $2.1 billion IPO by the infrastructure fund of Thai firm BTS Group Holdings in April. It is also the second largest IPO globally after a $5 billion listing of Brazilian financial services firm Seguridade Participacoes earlier this year.

(Read More: These IPOs May Be Worth Getting In On)

Suntory Beverage and Food, well-known in Japan for drinks such as its BOSS canned coffee, will make its market debut in Tokyo on Wednesday. The parent company's beer unit is not included in the IPO.

"We are in a period of correction, so it's not a great time to list but I do think appetite towards Japanese shares will pick up," said one Japan-based trader.

Japanese stocks, propelled higher since last November by expectations foraggressive monetary stimulus from the country's central bank and optimism about growth prospects, have fallen back in the past month.

The benchmark Nikkei is down about 13 percent from a 5-1/2 year high set in May as concerns about an unwinding of U.S. monetary stimulus and China's economic growth dent major stock markets across the world.

Profit taking on the Nikkei's double-digit gains this year and caution regarding the success of the country's economic policies have also contributed to volatility in Japanese shares.

(Read More: The Nikkei and the Shanghai Composite: Unlikely Companions)

Hopeful

Analysts however were more hopeful about the outlook.

"The thing about this IPO is that it's new paper being issued in an unfortunate market. It's just bad timing," said Ben Collett, the head of Asian equities at Sunrise Brokers in Hong Kong.

"We do think Suntory is a decent buy and it is a good time to get back into Japanese stocks versus other Asian markets, versus the U.S., versus Europe," he added.

Even with its recent retreat, the Nikkei is up 33 percent so far this year, compared with a 14 percent rise in the S&P 500 index of U.S. shares.

- By CNBC's Dhara Ranasinghe; Follow her on Twitter: @DharaCNBC