INTERVIEW-G20 needs clear, predictable policies - Russia
* G20 members don't want abrupt changes in monetary policy
* Termination of U.S. stimulus risks instability, capital flight
* BRICS unlikely to decide next week on policy to counter dollar rise
* No agreement on hard-set debt plan goals
MOSCOW, July 11 (Reuters) - The Group of 20 backs clear monetary policies, Russia said on Thursday, reflecting the concerns of developing economies that a withdrawal of U.S. monetary stimulus could cause market turmoil and capital flight.
Moscow hosts finance ministers and central bankers from the world's top developed and developing markets next week amid nervousness over when Washington will wind down its programme of so-called quantitative easing.
"I think everyone will be against any sudden changes in currency exchange rates and monetary policies," Finance Minister Anton Siluanov told Reuters in an interview.
Any tightening of monetary policy, such as the withdrawal of quantitative easing, "should be done in a predictable and consistent matter," he added.
"We (the G20) should not create reasons for instability," Siluanov said. "The policy of countries issuing reserve currencies should be predictable."
Russia, the first big emerging economy to take the annual presidency of the G20, and other developing nations have grown anxious after Chairman Ben Bernanke first said in May the U.S. Federal Reserve may scale back its massive asset purchases.
The rouble and Moscow stock indexes fell to one-year lows, while the Brazilian real and its stock market hit four-year lows.
In more dovish comments on Wednesday that are likely to ease those concerns going into the Moscow talks, Bernanke said a highly accommodative policy would be needed for the foreseeable future.
"If the policy of quantitative easing in the United States is terminated, this can lead to excessive nervousness on the markets, especially in emerging markets; it can lead to an outflow of capital from these markets," said Siluanov.
Siluanov welcomed the latest comments by Bernanke, who will not attend the Moscow talks, and said they had been well received by financial markets. The Fed is spending $85 billion a month to buy bonds as it seeks to ease the cost of credit.
"It is too early to be talking now about the end of the quantitative easing when the global economy is still in a recession trend," said Siluanov, 50, who took over from Alexei Kudrin in 2011.
The meeting's main task next week will be to prepare the agenda for a G20 leaders' summit in St Petersburg on Sept. 5-6.
DEALING WITH THE DOLLAR
The BRICS - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - will meet in Moscow to discuss preventive measures needed to stabilise their balance of payments in the event that a "taper" of the Fed's stimulus causes sharp capital flight.
There has been increased talk in recent weeks among the emerging markets caucus on devising a coordinated policy to limit the negative effects that a stronger U.S. dollar could have on their commodity-driven economies.
The BRICS plan to set up a reserve pool of up to $240 billion and a development bank by their next summit in 2014.
"We are working to enable closer cooperation in many aspects, including possible swap transactions," said Siluanov, playing down expectations of rapid progress, however.
"The process continues, but not fast, because there are questions from the central banks as it will be the central banks implementing the policy, providing liquidity. We still have to work on that issue."
In March, Brazil and China agreed to set up a currency swap line that allowed them to trade the equivalent of up to $30 billion per year in their own currencies. The swap is meant to help businesses weather currency volatility.
DIRECTION OF TRAVEL
The G20 has not been able so far to agree on binding targets to reduce borrowing to follow on from a deal struck in Toronto in 2010, reflecting concern that too much austerity in heavily indebted economies could choke off economic recovery.
"At the level of finance ministers, we will probably agree that the debt levels of highly indebted countries will not grow in the medium term - in the next three to six years," Siluanov said.
Russia, which has the lowest sovereign debts in relation to the size of its economy of any country in the G20, will insist that countries need to show commitment to weaning themselves off debt.
"We are talking about the fact that countries with high debt should firstly not increase the level of debt to GDP, and secondly to adopt plans to reduce the debt," Siluanov said.
"In my opinion, such plans need to be more specific."
When asked about concrete goals, Siluanov said that "ideally" the level would be 60 percent ratio for countries with developed economies but it should be lower for emerging markets.
(Reporting by Lidia Kelly; Editing by Douglas Busvine, Ron Askew)