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Euro break-up risk falls by two thirds since Draghi pledge, survey finds

ECB President Mario Draghi
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ECB President Mario Draghi

The number of investors who think a country will leave the euro zone soon has dropped by two thirds in the year since the head of the bloc's central bank promised to safeguard the currency, a survey published on Monday showed.

The July poll of 888 investors by German research group Sentix showed 23.75 percent of participants foresaw at least one state quitting the 17-nation bloc within the next year.

Last July's euro break-up index reading was 73 percent.

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That survey coincided with the pledge by European Central Bank President Mario Draghi to do "whatever it takes" to save the euro.

"The fears of investors, which were expressed in that high July 2012 figure, prompted Draghi to go on the offensive and the index fell significantly in the months after his announcement, so you can see it had a real effect," Manfred Huebner, managing director of Sentix, told Reuters.

However, economic stresses in the euro zone remain significant. Sentix's most recent breakup reading rose slightly from June and the risk of contagion hit a record high.

Draghi gave his message of support last July as Spain and Italy faced rising pressure on financial markets and Greece held fraught meetings with international lenders after failing to stick to economic targets set under its bailout.

His promise calmed investors and led six weeks later to the Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT) programme, under which the ECB conditionally offered to buy unlimited amounts of bonds from struggling states. The OMT programme has yet to be tapped.

A political crisis in Portugal and concerns about possible snap elections there drove the Sentix index on euro zone break-up around 4 percentage points on the month in July. The percentage of investors expecting the country to leave the euro zone doubled from 2.66 percent in June to 5.38 percent.

(Read more: One year on: Did Draghi's promise solve anything?)

Sentix also said the risk of contagion hit an all-time peak of 43.55 percent.

"If investors were worried especially about Greece in July 2012, we have Cyprus since March 2013 and now, with Portugal, (there are) three states that hang in the balance should push come to shove," Sentix said in a statement.

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