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Trading the stock market's dog days so you don't get burned

The dog days of summer...
Patti Domm | CNBC
The dog days of summer...

It's August — officially the dog days of summer — a time when market volatility picks up and stocks have been known to wilt.

In summers like this one, where July was a positive month for stocks, the Dow has been down 53 percent of the time for the month of August. But with stocks sitting at all-time highs and no big catalysts in sight for the next few weeks, strategists are talking more about a sideways trade than a big move up or down, barring any unexpected macro event.

The coming week should be low on drama after the past week's Federal Reserve meeting, July payrolls and earnings bonanza.

(Read more: Jobs numbers miss the real story)

There is ISM services data Monday, weekly jobless claims Thursday and a final rush of earnings, including Disney and Time Warner. The big event for the bond market will be the auction of $72 billion in 3-, 10-, and 30-year Treasury bonds Tuesday through Thursday. After a big fluctuation in Treasury yields Friday, stock traders are also watching to see if interest rates rise around the auctions, a potential stinger for stocks.

"It's like a vacation compared to this week. All the action in August got packed into three days and then it's over. I don't think we're going to have a big correction, but we could go sideways or slightly down and correct a bit," said Andrew Burkly, head of institutional portfolio strategy at Oppenheimer Asset Management. "I wouldn't be adding here. I'd be a little more cautious here for a couple of weeks until we get more clarity on the September (jobs) number."

On the other hand, J.P. Morgan chief equity strategist Thomas Lee sees a drifting market, taking stocks higher. "The reason is you don't want to short a dull market, and the last couple of years, there was anxiety going into August, either the debt ceiling crisis, or Europe and there aren't those issues this year. I think there's an upward bias to the market, and to the data as well," he said. He believes now is a good time for anyone underinvested in stocks to add to positions.

(Read more: IPO market heats up ... even in August)

Gina Martin Adams, institutional strategist at Wells Fargo Securities, has a more bearish view. She said the market is being driven by fewer stocks, as investors focus on special situations and earnings and that will hold it back. "With the overhang of a potential shift in Fed policy come September, and not a lot of consequential change in the economic landscape, investors are not compelled to do much in either direction," she said. "That creates a risk in and of itself...unless there's some shock data, that comes out in one direction or other, it's hard to imagine the market spontaneously combusting or exploding higher."

The markets have been hyper-focused on economic data, especially jobs, since the Federal Reserve signaled it would decide to wind down its bond purchases, based on the economy's performance. Friday's July employment report showed a disappointing gain of 162,000 jobs, about 20,000 less than expected by economists and 40,000 to 60,000 below what was speculated on in the bond market. Treasury yields, as a result, saw a big swing, first as rates edged higher ahead of the report, and then as they dropped sharply after it. The yield on the 10-year was at 2.6 percent in late trading, after touching 2.74 percent just before the early morning report.

Every economic report in the next several weeks will be important, but the next big one is the Sept. 6 jobs report, since it is the last snapshot of employment before the Fed meets Sept. 17 and 18. Many economists expect that to be the meeting where the Fed votes to pare back, or taper, its $85 billion monthly bond purchases. Treasurys have been pricing in the coming wind down of the Fed's quantitative easing program.

(Read more: Obama down to 3 for Fed chief after Geithner says no)

"Every data point is going to be cumulative evidence as to where the Fed is going to go," said Mark Luschini, chief investment strategist at Janney Montgomery. "We now need economic validation. After having gone through all the big central bank meetings and jobs number, I think stocks are going to go back and fill, kind of the dog days."

The Dow finished the past week up 0.6 percent at 15,658, a new high, and the S&P 500 was up 1 percent to 1709, also a new high. The Nasdaq jumped 2 percent to 3689. The VIX, meanwhile, which measures market volatility fell below 12, to a five-month low.

Trading the dog days

So what do you do? Pack it up, head for the beach and put your portfolio on cruise control?

Strategists whether bullish or bearish, say individual stock names have the best chance of delivering returns in the quiet time between now and the next real period of drama, around the release of the August jobs report Sept. 6.

Lee says focus on the cyclicals, and they were the best performers in the past week, with industrials up 2.1 percent, followed by consumer discretionary and the tech sector, both up 2 percent. He also thinks it's time to expand exposure to Europe, to take advantage of its recovery.

(Read more: Four stock picks ahead of the taper)

In a note Friday, he listed stocks that have positive sales and operating leverage and are recommended overweight by J.P. Morgan research analysts. Among those names are Boeing, Nike, Akamai, Pepsico, PPG Industries, Rock-Tenn Co, Tractor Supply and Whiting Petroleum.

Burkly also likes tech, and his contrarian play is mining names, which have gotten crushed with the selloff in metals.

Adams, who has a target of 1440 on the S&P for year end likes health care and financials. She said she does not like energy stocks, based on the fact 12-month crude futures are trading well below current spot prices.

Typically, this type of "backwardation" results in declining spot prices, and energy stocks can fall with them. The energy sector was second worst performing of the S&P major sectors in the past week with a 0.2 percent loss. Exxon Mobil was down 3 percent for the week after a big earnings miss. "Now is not the time to get involved," she said.

She said seasonality could start to play a role with the broader market. "June is a nasty month for stocks. July is a good month for stocks. August and September are not so great. So seasonality, gets worse and volatility gets higher in August, September and October. They are the most volatile months for stocks and you have to be on the lookout for that in this part of the year," she said, noting that July was substantially better than an average July with a gain of about five percent.

Both she and Burkly are concerned that earnings estimates are still too high for the rest of the year, and the economy has to prove that it can support better profits. Burkly said there could be a negative, seasonal affect when analysts return from summer vacation and start to shave estimates in September.

Scott Redler of T3Live.com, who trades the short-term technicals of the market, has been targeting 1700 as a long-term top of range for two years. Now that the S&P crossed that threshold, he is looking to the 1725/1740 area.

"If we digest above 1700 in the next few sessions, it could get some guys off their lounge chairs and they'll have to trade this summer," he said.

"Usually you get a double top in July and then you retrace lower into August, but the calendar has been a little different," Redler said. "The same old 'sell in May' didn't happen until May 22. The calendar, which some people depend on, hasn't been as reliable as the constructive price action in the stock market has been."

He said Friday's close at new highs was a positive, after stocks spent most of the day lower on the weak jobs report. "At this point, the sell signals aren't showing their faces, which typically happens in August. Considering the market could have gone lower today, and it didn't, I'm thinking most people will stay involved in the long side," he said.

Monday

Earnings: HSBC, Nippon Telegraph, Dun and Bradstreet, Tesoro Logistics, Stone Energy, Plains All American

10:00 am: ISM nonmanufacturing survey

11:45 am: Dallas Fed President Richard Fisher on the economy

Tuesday

Earnings: ADM, CVS, Marathon Oil, Disney, Zillow, Liberty Media, Michael Kors, Molson Coors, Echostar, Primerica, CF Industries, First Solar, Live Nation, Tenet Healthcare, Spectra Energy, International Flavors and Fragrances, Emerson Electric, Starwood Property Trust, Avis Budget

8:30 am: International trade

10:00 am: JOLTS

1:00 pm: $32 year 3-year note auction

1:00 pm: Chicago Fed President Charles Evans on economy/monetary policy

Wednesday

Earnings: Wendy's, Devon, Duke Energy, Ralph Lauren, HollyFrontier, Anglogold Ashanti, Time Warner, AOL, Tesla Motors, Jack in the Box, Transocean, Green Mountain Coffee, Sunoco Logistics, Vale, Mondelez, Marsh and McLennan, Westar Energy, American Water Works, Groupon

12:30 pm: Philadelphia Fed President Charles Plosser on women in housing/finance

1:00 pm: $24 10-year note auction

1:40 pm: Cleveland Fed President Sandra Pianalto on regional economy

3:00 pm: Consumer credit

Thursday

Earnings: Rio Tinto, Advance Auto Parts, Treehouse, Dean Foods, Beam, AMC Networks, Priceline.com, Nvidia, Great Plains Energy, T-Mobile, Lions Gate Entertainment, Allscripts, Annie's, DeVry, CareFusion

8:30 am: Weekly jobless claims

1:00 pm: $16 billion 30-year bond auction

Friday

Earnings: Magna International, NRG Energy

10:00 am: Wholesale trade

—By CNBC's Patti Domm. Follow here on Twitter @pattidomm.

  • Patti Domm

    Patti Domm is CNBC Executive Editor, News, responsible for news coverage of the markets and economy.

  • A CNBC reporter since 1990, Bob Pisani covers Wall Street from the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.

  • CNBC Senior Commodities Correspondent and Personal Finance Correspondent

  • JeeYeon Park is a writer for CNBC.com. Follow her on Twitter: @JeeYeonParkCNBC

  • Rick Santelli joined CNBC Business News as an on-air editor in 1999, reporting live from the floor of the Chicago Board of Trade.

  • Senior Producer at CNBC's Breaking News Desk.