While domestic violence is a serious human rights violation that impacts millions of women worldwide, it also has substantial economic consequences, new research from the World Bank Group (WBG) shows.
According to the WBG, domestic abuse imposes an economic burden on individuals, households, private businesses and the public sector through the cost of healthcare services used to treat victims, a loss of productivity and reduced income for women due to missed work.
"Employed women experiencing violence are often subject to a range of interference tactics by their partner undercutting their ability to maintain regular employment. Some of the tactics undermining efforts to get to work, [such as] hiding or stealing keys or transportation money, and not showing up to care for children," the report said.
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"Experiencing IPV [intimate partner violence] is thus associated with increased absenteeism over the long term and presenteeism in the short term through tardiness, not showing up for work, and use of sick days as well as problems with concentration, job performance, and productivity," it added.
The research estimates the productivity loss due to absenteeism caused by domestic violence in Uganda and Bangladesh, for example, was $87.76 million and $262 million, respectively in 2012. This is equivalent to almost 1.3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) for both countries.