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Growth data shows market trading on good news instead of Fed

Friday, 20 Dec 2013 | 9:57 AM ET
Adam Jeffery | CNBC

Stocks are jumping on a third quarter U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) revision that was much stronger than expected. So is good news finally good news? S&P futures moved up as the Q3 GDP revision was much stronger than expected (very unusual for a third revision)--hitting 4.1 percent versus expectations of up 3.6 percent.

Some of this was due to a change in the way the government account for intellectual property, but also personal consumption and net trade were strong. Personal consumption went from 1.4 to 2 percent; that alone added 40 basis points to the GDP.

Given that most of the economy is based on personal consumption, it's good news.

This will likely be the heaviest volume day of the year, thanks to a confluence of three events:

1) quadruple witching expiration (the quarterly expiration of stock and index futures and options);

2) the quarterly rebalancing of the S&P 500, and the S&P Midcap and Small Cap indices, and

3) the Nasdaq rebalancing, which only occurs once a year.

The S&P rebalancing will see the most volume churn, with 224 issues increasing their share count, while 249 decrease. Here's an indicator of the influence of buybacks: the share count will decrease by 0.46 percent.

General Motors will have the most to buy, Apple and Exxon will have the most to sell, thanks to extensive buybacks.

Elsewhere

Pisani's markets: Stocks gain on GDP growth
CNBC's Bob Pisani looks ahead at what's likely to move this morning's markets on the heels of a hefty GDP report of 4.1 percent, and the quadruple witching expirations.

1) There is much speculation around when the Federal Reserve might begin to start raising rates. A modest taper of roughly $10 billion at each Fed meeting (there are 8 in 2014) would end QE3 in roughly October 2014.

Guessing when the Fed might raise short-term rates is tougher, since they said they would not raise rates until "well past the time that the unemployment rate declines below 6.5 percent." No one seems to know what "well past" means, but assume they are talking about 6 percent as a threshold.

Most are assuming we will not see anything near this until well into 2015, but that may not be the case at all. If the government fails to pass an extension of unemployment benefits soon, it would take many people off the unemployment rolls and decrease the labor force participation rate.

That by itself could knock several tenths of a percent off the unemployment levels. How much? Michael Feroli, JP Morgan's chief U.S. economist, estimates it could shave as much as 0.5 percentage points off the jobless rate. Joe LaVorgna at Deutsche Bank estimates the decline will be closer to 0.2-0.3 percentage points, so instead of a current unemployment rate of 7.0 percent, we are talking about a decline to anywhere from 6.5 to 6.8 percent.

My point: if the economy keeps improving, we could be looking at something close to a jobless rate of 6.0 percent in 2014. If that is the case, it may greatly complicate the Fed's plan, as they may have to start hiking interest rates sooner than many expect. Rate hikes could be a much stronger headwind in 2014 than anyone thinks.

By CNBC's Bob Pisani

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  • A CNBC reporter since 1990, Bob Pisani covers Wall Street from the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.

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