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Asian shares dealt double blow by Fed taper, China PMI

Asian stocks suffered heavy losses on Thursday amid signs of a contraction in China's economy and following the Federal Reserve's decision to continue reducing its stimulus.

The final China HSBC purchasing manager's index (PMI) fell to a new six-month low of 49.5 in January, from last week's preliminary estimate of 49.6, confirming expectations of a slowdown in the world's second largest economy.

"Within the week, it didn't plunge further from our preliminary reading but it is below 50. The broad story is that China is decelerating. It's not a collapse but we need to see policy measures to support growth after Chinese New Year otherwise we might continue to slide, " said Frederic Neumann, co-head of Asian economics and managing director at HSBC.

Meanwhile, a sell-off on Wall Street overnight also weighed on sentiment. The Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500 and Nasdaq shed over 1 percent each after the Fed opted to stick with its plan to trim its monthly bond purchases, now down to $65 billion, regardless of recent distress in emerging markets.

Symbol
Name
Price
 
Change
%Change
NIKKEI
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HSI
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ASX 200
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SHANGHAI
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KOSPI
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CNBC 100
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Nikkei slumps 2.4%

Japan's benchmark index managed to close above 15,000 points after hitting a two-and-a-half month low earlier in the session. Investors took their cues from a stronger currency as the yen rose to 102 per dollar on rising safe-haven demand.

Traders also reacted to news that December retail sales rose an annual 2.6 percent in December, up for a fifth straight month but that still missed Reuters estimates and was below November's 4.1 percent increase.

(Read more: Buying opportunities abound as Nikkei falls: Analysts)

Among the top losers, Nintendo fell over 4 percent after announcing a $1.2 billion stock buyback while Sumitomo Mitsui Financial slumped over 5 percent despite after reporting a 28 percent gain in net profit in the nine months to December.

Sydney drops 0.8%

Australia's benchmark S&P ASX 200 moved closer to Monday's one-and-a-half month lows while the Australian dollar fell below 88 U.S. cents to a three-day low.

Fortescue Metals closed down 1.3 percent despite a 43 percent rise in iron ore output.

In earnings news, Treasury Wine Estates, slumped 20 percent after downgrading full year earnings guidance and Beach Energy skidded 2 percent following a lower revenue report for the December quarter. But education services provider Navitas gained 2 percent after reporting a 3 percent rise in net profit.

Emerging markets fall

Philippine shares closed 0.4 percent lower while the peso hovered near Monday's four-year low despite 2013 gross domestic product beating estimates to rise 7.2 percent.

Indian shares tumbled over 0.7 percent while the rupee fell 0.4 percent against the dollar.

In Indonesia, the Jakarta Composite finished flat and the rupiah hovered near Monday's two-week low. But Malaysian shares bucked the trend to gain 0.8 percent while the ringgit traded within sight of a new four-year low.

(Read more: No peer pressure: Why Malaysia won't join EM rate hikes)

Shanghai falls 0.8%

Mainland shares fell as investors booked profits ahead of the Lunar New Year holidays. The Shanghai Composite will be closed from Friday and will only resume trade late next week.

Sentiment was also hurt after the People's Bank of China skipped open market operations following Tuesday's $12.4 billion cash injection; that saw the benchmark 7-day repo rate trade at 5 percent, higher than 2013's average of 4.1 percent.

Among financials, Merchants Bank and Shanghai Pudong lost over 1 percent each.

Markets in South Korea are closed for the Lunar New Year holidays.

By CNBC.com's Nyshka Chandran. Follow her on Twitter @NyshkaCNBC