President Barack Obama proposed new tax credits and job-training programs for U.S. workers on Tuesday in a 2015 budget that highlights stark differences with Republicans, who favor a reduced government role in promoting economic opportunity.
The election-year blueprint is all but certain to be rejected by the Republican-controlled House of Representatives and stands little chance of passage.
But it sets out the Democratic president's policy priorities ahead of November congressional elections, in which his party hopes to keep control of the U.S. Senate and avoid losing ground in the House.
(Read more: Obama budget seeks $60 billion tax credit expansion)
The blueprint for the 2015 fiscal year that begins on Oct. 1 would increase tax credits for the working poor, boost spending on roads and bridges and expand early-childhood education.
Obama's proposal signals a shift away from last year's emphasis on deficit cutting to a greater focus on fighting poverty, a goal the president is highlighting as he faces less than three years left in office.
The debate over Obama's controversial healthcare reform law is likely to feature prominently in the elections, but poverty reduction and Americans' slow recovery from the 2007-2009 recession are also likely to be major themes.