An eight-person jury in the San Jose, California courtroom was also shown internal Samsung emails that suggested the company experienced a "crisis of design" in its competition with the iPhone. The documents were also previously shown in the 2012 trial.
Harold McElhinny of Morrison Foerster, Apple's attorney, began by taking the jury back to the launch of the first iPhone, asking: "Where were you on January 9th 2007?"
Playing video clips of Mr Jobs unveiling the iPhone on stage in San Francisco, Mr McElhinny argued for the "dramatic changes", such as its touch screen user interface, which the device introduced.
The iPhone was the result of a three-year research and development effort, he added, a process detailed at the earlier trial.
Samsung, which is appealing its 2012 defeat, has argued that it was just keeping tabs on the competition and denies that it infringes Apple's patents.
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"This is not competitive intelligence, this is cut and paste copying of a patented invention," Mr McElhinny argued.
Devices running Google's Android and made by Samsung, HTC, Lenovo and others now make up more than three quarters of the world's smartphone sales, as Apple's share has declined in recent years in the face of the competition.
Samsung said that Apple was trying to restrict competition through its legal action and regain in the courtroom "what it has lost in the marketplace".
Waving Samsung's Galaxy Nexus device at the jury, Mr Quinn said: "Not one of the accused features on this phone . . . was designed, much less copied, by anyone at Samsung.
"The accused features on this phone were developed independently by some of the most sophisticated and creative minds in the software industry: the software engineers at Google, up the road in Mountain View."