According to Timothy Riddell, head of global markets research for Asia at ANZ, while the numbers are positive, what's key is if the momentum is maintained.
"It's the duration of [trade] bounce back that's going to be critical. Is this going to be a short-term cyclical recovery from a poor first-quarter? [If yes] then we're still going to be worried about what happens for the second-quarter," Riddell said.
Others warn against reading too much into one month of data, especially as the country shifts towards domestic consumption and away from investment-led growth.
"I think the export as an aggregate is a minor contributor to the GDP (gross domestic product) so I would think that export number would not be a good indication for the economy now," Kelvin Wong, China and Hong Kong equities analyst at Julius Baer, told CNBC.
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There are also concerns the trade numbers, which are known to be volatile, could be distorted by fake flows of cash pouring into China.
"As warned by officials last month, that trade data right now is not reflecting what is going on partly due to exports [being] hurt by over-invoicing which has been a popular way of getting capital in and out of China," said Luza Silipo, chief economist for Asia Pacific at Natixis.
However, Silipo notes that the trade figures do provide valuable insight into the extent of impact to the economy in the rebalancing process.