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In India, even the bank delivers

Delivery men sorting lunch boxes before delivery in front of Churchgate railway station in Mumbai, India.
Lou Jones | Lonely Planet Images | Getty Images
Delivery men sorting lunch boxes before delivery in front of Churchgate railway station in Mumbai, India.

Time is a limited resource, something New Delhi PR executive Vinni Aneja can attest to.

"I work five days a week from 9am to 7pm, drive an hour to work and back every day and have no time for mundane stuff," she said.

The 33-year-old doesn't have the time to shop for groceries, indulge in a pedicure or wait at doctor's office for routine tests, but that isn't a problem.

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"Whenever I need anything, I just call, SMS or WhatsApp and my neighborhood grocer delivers everything from toothpaste to rice," she said.

Groceries are just the beginning. Aneja pampers herself with facials and pedicures, invests in mutual funds and bonds and gets annual health checkups all in the comfort of her home.

Growing participation

India's home delivery model is thriving. ICICI, India's largest bank, has a cash and check pickup/delivery service and allows people to open bank accounts from home.

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Medical services are also available at home. Metropolis Healthcare in Mumbai collects blood, urine and stool samples at patients' houses and delivers online reports within 5 hours. Their technicians also drop by to check blood pressure, conduct echocardiograms and deliver healthcare products.

A deliveryman holds a packet of detergent powder as he checks the order list in New Delhi, India.
Amit Bhargava | Bloomberg | Getty Images
A deliveryman holds a packet of detergent powder as he checks the order list in New Delhi, India.

"Our lab@home initiative has been growing 30 percent a year and with aging population, high costs of rent, fuel prices, the home delivery model is here to stay," says Ameera Shah, CEO of Metropolis.

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As competition intensifies advisers, technicians and experts at private banks like ICICI and large diagnostic chains like Metropolis double as couriers and product or service sellers.

Meanwhile, some full-service restaurants in large cities offer SMS and online ordering and home delivery. According to industry estimates, deliveries grew 20-25 percent in 2013, surpassing 16-18 percent growth for the dine-in segment. Zepo, a firm that helps set up online stores, is aggregating 'chaiwallas' online for hot tea deliveries.

Mobile beauty services are flourishing in Mumbai and Delhi.

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"It a perfect business model for a startup as it saves on rentals, electricity, furniture and fixtures. Customers can book online and get the services at home," said Avni Raja, founder of Orange and Lemon. In less than a year of its launch, her company has broken even.

Driving factors

There are two factors driving the home delivery model: poor infrastructure and tradition.

"[Given heavy traffic and] difficulty parking and commuting why would anyone not want products and services coming home, especially for mundane stuff like groceries or… opening a bank account?" said Debashish Mukherjee, partner, A.T. Kearney. "Convenience is the top factor driving home deliveries."

Furthermore, India has a strong tradition of bringing services to consumers.

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"Traditionally everything from fresh produce to groceries and even jewelry and carpets have [been delivered]," said Ashish Taneja, Managing Director, GrowXventures, an angel investor.

"Trying to change the way consumers behave in the short run is extremely difficult. The large companies are being forced to adopt the home delivery model to offer the same convenience as the mom and pop store. Technology is making it easier," Taneja added.

Can everything be delivered?

As technology simplifies communication and coordination and businesses' seek a competitive advantage, home delivery will continue expanding. However, not everything will be delivered.

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"In the future consumers will only venture out for more sophisticated products that require greater buyer-seller engagement or are more complex," said A.T. Kearney's Mukherjee.

"However, for routine purchases, whether it is an office shirt or fresh produce, home delivery will be the norm rather than exception," he added.

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