Amazon issued earnings of 45 cents a share, smashing Wall Street's expectations of 17 cents.
Alibaba's stock plunges after the Chinese e-commerce giant reported quarterly revenue that fell short of expectations.
Ford Motor quarterly earnings beat Wall Street earnings expectations on Thursday, and the automaker maintained its 2015 profit forecast.
Dow Chemical's profit fell 24 percent, hurt by a $500 million loss related to abandonment of a Tennessee plant by a joint venture and other charges.
Colgate-Palmolive reported its second straight fall in quarterly sales, hurt by weak demand in markets such as Brazil and Europe and a strong dollar.
Stanley Black& Decker on Thursday reported fourth-quarter net income of $145.8 million.
Air Products and Chemicals on Thursday reported fiscal first-quarter earnings of $324.6 million.
Cruise operator Royal Caribbean Cruises' quarterly revenue fell 2 percent due to weak pricing in Caribbean, its biggest market.
Abbott Laboratories forecast full-year profit in line with analysts' estimates even as other drugmakers warned of a strong dollar hurting results.
Thermo Fisher Scientific reported better-than-expected quarterly profit and sales, boosted by the contribution from the Life Technologies acquisition.
Northrop Grumman on Thursday reported fourth-quarter earnings of $506 million.
Nokia reported stronger-than-expected profits for its core network equipment business on the back of network roll-outs in China and North America.
Get the best of CNBC in your inbox