Retailers, including industry leader Wal-Mart Stores
As merchants reported their June sales results Thursday, disappointments cut across many segments of the industry including Macy's, AnnTaylor Storesand trendy apparel chain Bebe Stores. But there were notable exceptions, such as Wal-Mart Stores, whose renewed emphasis on low prices helped drive sales gains above analysts' expectations.
"Retail sales are generally soft as we expected. Consumers look like they are holding back on discretionary purchases particularly in apparel," said Ken Perkins, president of RetailMetrics LLC, a research company in Swampscott, Mass.
He added that shoppers are "facing a long list of headwinds as they head into the rest of the summer."
According to Thomson Financial's latest sales tally, 12 retailers beat results, while 16 merchants missed projections. The sales tally is based on same-store sales, or business at stores open at least a year. They are the industry standard for measuring a retailer's health.
Retailers of what are known as discretionary merchandise such as apparel and home goods are coming under increasing pressure as consumers are forced to pay more for food and gasoline. The still-weakening housing market is also making shoppers shy about spending. But retailers have problems of their own, including a continuing absence of must-have fashions; this season's clothes, including baby doll style blouses, has not clicked with many women.
Wal-Mart, the world's largest retailer, had a 2.4% gain in same-store sales, beating the 0.8% predicted by analysts polled by Thomson Financial. The company said its aggressive price reduction strategy helped boost results, and it promised more aggressive price cuts for the back-to-school season.
"Consumers continue to be challenged financially, with more pressure on discretionary spending," said Eduardo Castro-Wright, Wal-Mart Stores U.S. president and chief executive officer, in a statement. "Gas prices have moved to be their chief concern in our latest survey and they appreciate the opportunity to save on everything."
The company said that as in the past four months of its fiscal year, grocery sales continue to be stronger than general merchandise. One exception was the entertainment category; flat-panel televisions, MP3 players and video game hardware enjoyed stronger gains compared to a year ago. Still, Wal-Mart continues to struggle with weak sales in its home and apparel areas.
Meanwhile, Costco Wholesale reported a 6% gain in same-store sales, in line with the 6.1% estimate.
"At this point, really, the mall traffic has actually been down, particularly over the summer,” said Adrienne Tennant, an analyst at Friedman Billings Ramsey, on CNBC's "Squawk Box." “That is definitely a concern.”
According to Tennant, the weakest area has been the “misses” sector, which is apparel for women ages 35 to 55 years old. Ann Taylor, Chico’s, Talbots, and Coldwater Creek are among the retailers hurt by this trend, Tennant said.
AnnTaylor suffered an 8.4% drop in same-store sales, dragged down by its lower-priced Loft division. Analysts expected a 4.7% decline.
Meanwhile, Chico's same-store sales tumbled 7.3%, or far worse than the 2.2% decline analysts had predicted.
Macy's suffered a 2.7% drop in same-stores sales, worse than the 0.8% decline expected.
J.C. Penney had a 1.5% decline in same-store sales in its department store business, less than the 3.6% analysts expected. The retailer said sales picked up toward the end of the month, reflecting a strong initial response to back-to-school merchandise.
Limited Brands had a 3.0% gain, slightly better than the 2.9% forecast.
Retailers who appeal to teens have been among the strongest performers. These include both Zumiezand American Eagle. Both trounced analyst estimates and posted strong same-store sales growth.
There were exceptions. Bebe posted a 5.4% drop in same-store sales, worse than the 2.2% projected decline. But Pacific Sunwear of California posted a 4.5% same-store sales increase, better than the 3.2% estimate.