GreenPoint specializes in no-documentation and Alt-A mortgage loans for borrowers with slightly better credit than subprime borrowers. In his memo, Fairbank said that market has seen a "significant reduction in liquidity and continuing volatility."
The decision to close GreenPoint will hit McLean, Virginia-based Capital One with an $860 million charge, or $2.15 per share, the vast majority of which will come in 2007. Capital One lowered its 2007 earnings guidance by 14% to $5 per share.
Analysts polled by Thomson Financial expected earnings of $7.05 per share. Analysts estimates typically exclude one-time charges.
Capital One made the announcement after markets closed Monday. Its shares fell $2.03, or 3%, to close at $66.72. They fell an additional $1.64, or 2.4% to $65.08 in extended trading after Capital One's announcement.
Capital One said its other business lines remain solid and in line with expectations, adding that it will continue to sell home loans through Capital One Home Loans and its bank branches.
"Capital One's other businesses are supported by ample liquidity and funding including deep access to deposits, a 'stockpile' of subordinated credit card funding in place that allows approximately $9 billion of AAA credit card funding going forward, and a $25 billion portfolio of highly liquid securities," Perlin said.
As the U.S. housing market has cooled, the mortgage lending industry has struggled with a dramatic rise in mortgage defaults and foreclosures. Many homebuyers have been forced into default or foreclosure because they haven't been able to sell their homes or end up owing more than their home is worth.
As a result, it has become more difficult for lenders like GreenPoint to sell the mortgages they originate to investors.
"The reductions in demand and pricing in the secondary mortgage markets make it difficult to operate our wholesale mortgage banking business profitably," said Gary Perlin, Capital One's chief financial officer.