There's a lot of concern about whether a weaker dollar could cause higher U.S. inflation, but CNBC’s Steve Liesman says not so fast. Here, he offers a quick overview of different ways to think about the influence of the currency on the inflation process:
- The dollar is an inflation factor, not the inflation factor
- Imports make up just 16 percent of the U.S. GDP. Imports have risen as a percent of total U.S. economic activity. A lot of import growth has come from countries that have fixed exchange rates to the dollar, like China and other Southeast Asian countries, so a weaker dollar has no inflation impact from them.
- Wages are the biggest cost, not commodities or imports
Imports vs. Domestic Prices
A look at the year-over-year change of consumer import prices vs. core inflation finds only a modest relationship. There are two reasons for that:
- The United States is mostly a service economy and wages are the biggest input to costs in a service economy.
- The U.S. makes up 25 percent of the world's economy all in one market. As a result, most economists see the U.S. as a price maker, not a price taker.
So, what happens to the U.S. economy will determine what happens to import prices. Import prices will not determine what the price levels are in the U.S.