The United States threw its full diplomatic weight on Friday behind the European Union's troubled Nabucco pipeline project to bring gas from the Caspian Basin to central Europe.
A senior U.S. official said Nabucco was as important to the United States, to help European allies diversify sources of supply and reduce dependency on Russia, as the Baku-Tblissi-Ceyhan (TBC) oil pipeline had been in the 1990s.
"The Nabucco pipeline will be built, I am convinced, because it makes commercial sense," Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Matthew Bryza told reporters after talks with EU Energy Commissioner Andris Piebalgs.
"We are trying to build on the sucess of the last decade and expand the infrastructure put in
place with the same commitment, the same intensity," he said.
Bryza said the planned 3,300 km (2,051 mile) pipeline across Turkey to central Europe was a much more cost-efficient way of transporting gas from Azerbaijan to Europe than the rival South Stream pipeline project being pushed by Russia's Gazprom.
"Nabucco makes eminently more commercial sense than any of the other projects," he said, comparing the U.S. diplomatic effort to support the project with the intense campaign Washington waged in the late 1990s to promote the TBC pipeline.
"Follow your wallet. Do what makes sense," he said.
As with the Baku-Ceyhan project, the U.S. was interested for both geopolitical and geo-economic reasons and would help the partners involved to synchronise their decisions, Bryza said.
Nabucco, which a six-company consortium is due to start building next year at an estimated cost of $6 billion, could transport gas from northern and western Iraq as well as Azerbaijan and offshore Caspian fields, he said.
By contrast, South Stream, which would run under the Black Sea from Russia to Bulgaria and then into central Europe with a spur via the Balkans into Italy, could cost $20-30 billion to build, he said.
Moving gas from Azerbaijan through Nabucco would be 40-50 percent cheaper than through South Stream.
Bryza said he believed Nabucco would be built even if South Stream went ahead because there was sufficient projected gas demand in Europe as countries switched from coal-fired power stations to gas-fired ones to cut greenhouse gas emissions.