The Oil Rally: Honestly, I Just Don't Get It
This is crazy. Today's oil rally really doesn't make sense. There was no new headline about a major global supply disruption.
There are reports Exxon has lifted "force majeure" on its exports of Nigeria crude. The oil giant's inability to honor export contracts--which averages about 800,000 barrels a day--after a workers' strike in late April was a key factor in the run-up to over $120 a barrel. But now that situation has calmed.
Oil supplies--at least here in the U.S.--are increasing not falling. Today's Energy Department data showed oil and gasoline supplies rose much more than expected last week: a 5.7 million barrel increase in crude inventories was nearly quadruple consensus estimates and expectations were for adecline not an 800,000 barrel build in gasoline supplies.
American drivers haven't kept their cars in the garage just because they're paying $3.62 a gallon--the national average, says AAA--or $4/gallon in my neighborhood. The Energy Department said gasoline demand actually ticked slightly higher over the past four weeks. Let's see if that changes as average prices nationally close in on the $4-mark.
The argument that speculators have driven up the price of oil as a hedge against the falling dollar doesn't fly considering the greenback has been retesting it's five-week high against the euro today. Talking to trader Randy Rothenberg on the floor today, he said, he thinks the oil-dollar trade has decoupled in the last few weeks. Afterall, oil has rallied over 10% since the first week in April, while the dollar has risen about 2% vs. the euro.
Perhaps it's the fact that distillate fuel supplies fell in the weekly U.S. inventory report--when a 800,000 to 1.3 million barrel build was expected--that's taken oil prices up over $123/barrel today. After all, today's gains in heating oil, a proxy for distillates overall, are nearly double those of crude. Heating oil futures are up nearly 3% posting another intraday record over $3.45/gallon this afternoon.
I understand there are macro factors at play as well. Global supply disruptions and geopolitics, limited spare capacity and increasing extractions costs are the factors Cambridge Energy Research Associates chairman and CNBC contributor Dan Yergin thinks could take oil prices to $150 a barrel.
But we didn't see any startling headlines marking any immediate changes in those factors today. Nothing that would have really sparked this rally. Yet at $123/barrel a $1-move is what a few cents was a year ago. Those projections that seemed ridiculous several months ago are bearing fruit day after day. What's next? $125, $150, $200 oil? Look out!
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