Stocks pared losses after the Federal Reserve said it would reinvest proceeds from maturing mortgage-backed securities into the Treasury market.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average index nearly moved into positive territory after being down more than 100 before the Fed announcement. The blue-chip index was down just over 40 points after the statement after nearly moving into positive territory.
The boost in stocks after the Fed statement was releasedis a “relief rally,” as some market players were worried the Federal Reserve would stop investing in the Treasury market, said Dan Cook, Senior Market Analyst of Chicago-based brokerage firm IG Markets.
The Dow's biggest decliners were Intel , Alcoa and Microsoft . Merck and Procter & Gamble were among the few Dow stocks to advance.
The Federal Reserve held interest rates steady, as widely expected, and said that it planned to reinvest money from maturingmortgage securities into government debt and said economic growth would likely be "more modest" than previously expected.
Although the market bounced on the news, the Fed's move to reinvest mortgage proceeds is largely symbolic, according to London-based Capital Economics.
It's "designed to reassure the markets rather than boost the economy," the firm said in a research note.
“They are not really expanding what they have done previously,” said Cook of IG Markets.
But by taking this “small step,” and by acknowledging that the pace of the recovery has slowed, the Fed “leaves it on the table to re-engage the quantitative easing machine,” Cook said.
Earlier in the day, a disappointing economic report out of China rattled the markets, particularly materials. BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto both lost more than 2 percent.
Walmart shares were slightly higher after slipping earlier following news that the discount giant may be rolling back its rollbacks.
Hewlett-Packard rose modestly after taking a beating Monday over CEO Mark Hurd's resignation late Friday, which occured after an investigation found he had falsified expense reports to conceal a relationship with a female contractor. Oracle CEO Larry Ellison blasted the company for forcing Hurd to resign.
ExxonMobil skidded following news that a deal with Qatar Petroleum for a $6 billion petrochemicals facility in Qatar.
Financial stocks Bank of America and Travelers also declined.
Banking regulators on Tuesday asked for public comment on alternatives to private credit ratings for assessing bank capital levels, beginning a process of replacing private credit ratings as required under the Dodd-Frank financial reform law.
The S&P 500and the Nasdaqalso pulled back on losses after the Fed statement, although the Nasdaq still fell 1 percent. The CBOE Volatility Index, widely considered the best gauge of fear in the market, rose above 23.
China's trade surplus unexpectedly soaredin July, a sign that the nation's economy is still struggling.
In the U.S., wholesale inventories rose 0.1 percentin July, while sales fell 0.7 percent; economists surveyed by Reuters had expected a more robust build in inventories and a sales increase.
The latest survey from the National Federation of Independent Business showed continued pessimism about the future and the Labor Department reported U.S. nonfarm productivity fellin the second quarter, a discouraging sign for the recovery.