President Obama's budget would slash $1.1 trillion from the U.S. deficit over 10 years and includes a range of domestic spending reductions that would put the government on track to halve the federal budget deficit by the end of Obama's first term in office.
With no macroeconomic data due on Monday, investors will gear up for retail sales data on Tuesday and inflation figures later in the week. Creeping inflation has increasingly become a concern for investors.
Elsewhere, Netflix soared more than 7 percent to close at $247.5, a record high, after Caris raised its price target on the subscription movie and TV content provider to $316 a share from $224. (Read more: Netflix Streaming Selection Set To Improve.)
Also, Nielsen , which tracks consumer use of media, said Netflix was the only paid video service to reach the top ten of video services on the web, which includes several free sites, such as YouTube and Hulu.
But the real reason for Monday's spike was investors who held short positions in the stock—or bets that the stock would fall in price—had given up, Scott Redler, chief strategic officer at T3trading.com, told CNBC.com.
"I think the shorts are throwing in the towel," Redler said.
The move to give up on the short positions is in the wake of investor Whitney Tilson's decision to end his significant short position in the stock last week, in the face of unrelenting gains, Redler said.
Netflix closed at $247.5 a share on Monday, up from $183 a share less than a month ago. The sharp move higher also reflected the fact Netflix has only 55 million shares outstanding, compared with 900 million for a stock like Apple , so moves can be exaggerated, Redler added.
Netflix's rise combined with moves higher by Apple, Google and Amazon (the "Fab 4, according to Eliot Spar at Stifel Nicolaus) helped to push the Nasdaq higher, Spar said in a note to clients.
Elsewhere, Wal-Mart's shares were under pressure after JPMorgan became the latest brokerage to downgrade the big-box retailer. JPMorgan lowered Wal-Mart's rating to "neutral" from "overweight," and cut its price target to $54 a share from $59. The brokerage said the deterioration in the company's same stores sales results could last for years and that its response to heightened competition has fallen short. (Read more: Is Wal-Mart No Longer a Retail Wizard?)
Nokia fell after news the wireless handset maker has entered into a partnership with Microsoft. Also, JPMorgan downgraded the company on Monday to "underweight" from "overweight."
Also Clorox shares fell to the bottom of the S&P 500 after the consumer products company's stock was cut to "neutral" from "buy" by UBS, and to "underperform" from "neutral" by Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Clorox had soared Friday after news activist investor Carl Icahn owns about 9 percent of the company's shares.
Green Mountain Coffee Roasters fell after news reports over the weekend that rival Starbucks may soon offer a single-serve product to compete in a niche that had been dominated by Green Mountain. Canaccord Genuity believes Starbucks and Green Mountain are likely to partner in creating a new technology for the Keurig brewing systems, but that view is not universally shared by analysts.
In earnings news, MGM Resorts sank after reporting a loss in the fourth quarter that was still less than the loss reported a year ago. Marriott International traded flat ahead of reporting earnings after-the-bell on Monday.
Earnings expected to take center-stage later this week include Dell , which will release quarterly figures after the bell on Tuesday, while Deere will report before Wednesday’s opening bell.
TrimTabs noted that companies reporting earnings so far have announced "huge" new stock buybacks. "All else being equal, fewer shares translate into higher stock prices," the firm said, adding that "companies announced a whopping $77.4 billion in float shrink in the past three weeks, and the volume of stock buyback announcements in earnings season is running at the fastest pace in three years."
In merger and acquisition news, General Electric will buy the well support division of British energy services firm John Wood Group for about $2.8 billion. General Electric owns a stake in CNBC's parent company, NBC Universal.
Also, private equity company Clayton Dubilier & Rice was close to buying Emergency Medical Servicesand EchoStarhas agreed to buyHughes Communications for about $1.33 billion, excluding debt, a move that will boost the broadband capabilities of the communication equipment provider.
Seahawk Drilling plunged after news Hercules Offshore has agreed to buy off-shore drilling rigs and related assets from its rival for $100 million in cash and stock.
Volume on the consolidated tape of the New York Stock Exchange was 3.5 billion shares, below average levels, while 817 million changed hands on the NYSE floor.
The dollar rose against a basket of currenciesas the euro struggled amid reports that Germany’s financial watchdog has become involved in a rescue of WestLB. Gold rose slightly to close at $1,364.60 an ounce.
Some of the biggest financial policymakers appear before Congress this week, with the highest-profile event on Thursday when Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke testifies before the Senate Banking Committee.
The panel will also hear from the heads of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
In Europe, Italy sold 5.2 billion euros in government bonds on Monday morning in an auction analysts said received solid demand.
Meanwhile, European shares closed at a 29-month high, led by mining stocks. The FTSEurofirst300 index rose 0.3 percent.
Coming Up This Week:
MONDAY: Earnings after-the-bell from Marriott.
TUESDAY: Retail sales, Empire state manufacturing survey, import & export prices, Treasury international capital, business inventories, housing market index, Cleveland Fed President speaks, Dodd-Frank hearing, Geithner testifies before U.S. House, Fannie/Freddie reform hearing, credit-card default rates reported, 13-F filings due; earnings before-the-bell from Barclays; earnings after-the-bell from Dell and Tesla.
WEDNESDAY: Weekly mortgage applications, housing starts, PPI, industrial production, House hearing on FCIC report, oil inventories, FOMC minutes; earnings before-the-bell from Comcast; earnings after-the-bell from CBS, NetApp and Nvidia.
THURSDAY: Weekly jobless claims, CPI, leading indicators, Philadelphia Fed survey, Chicago Fed President speaks, money supply; earnings before-the-bell from Barrick Gold, AngloGold and Nordstrom.
FRIDAY: Earnings before-the-bell from Campbell Soup.
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