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15 Influential Innovations of the Past 50 Years

Source: dnajunction.com, scientific.org || Photo: iStock

» more from The Future of Innovation: a CNBC.com Special Report

Medicine — DNA testing and sequencing

Scientists began to sequence some DNA molecules in the late 1970s. Then, in 1990 the U.S. government organized the effort to map the human genome. This effort to identify all of the 20,000 to 25,000 genes in human DNA was completed in 2003. The achievement led to great advancements in the research of and treatment of genetic diseases.

Source: dnajunction.com, scientific.org || Photo: iStock