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10. Mathematician

2012 pay: $99,191
2011 pay: $94,178
Change in pay: +5.3%
Change on list: down 7

“Mathematician has always been in our top 10,” Lee said. “The primary reason here is that the basis of all science is math … Math skills are always in great demand.”

And it’s not just from one industry, it’s across the board. “The types of companies that will hire mathematicians are incredibly huge,” Lee said.

Even when the federal government is cutting its total payroll, it’s hiring mathematicians, Lee said. The defense department alone hires hundreds of mathematicians for the work that the engineers are doing.

Photo: Pamela Moore | Vetta | Getty Images