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CFOs Concede Earnings are 'Managed': Study

A study by four prominent business school professors on earnings quality shows that ‘managed’ earnings are not a figment of short-seller imaginations.

Gregor Schuster | Getty Images

In this case, the fudging relies on tools available in the gray area of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles to make results look better than the underlying business really is.

Based on a survey of 169 public-company chief financial officers, with in-depth interviews of 12, the study concludes that high quality earnings are sustainable when backed by actual cash flows and (this is my favorite) “avoiding unreliable long-term estimates.”

More to the point, according to the study:

  • About half of earnings quality is determined by innate factors — that is by forces outside manager’s control.
  • About 20 percent of firms manage earnings to misrepresent their economic performance.
  • And for such firms, 10 percent of the typical EPS number is managed.

Furthermore, the CFOs "believe that it is difficult for outside observers to unravel earnings management, especially when such earnings are managed using subtle unobservable choices or real actions."

What’s an investor to do? The professors say the CFOs “advocate paying close attention to the key managers running the firm, the lack of correlation between earnings and cash flows, significant deviations between firm and peer experience, and unusual behavior in accruals.”

My Take: This really confirms what many of us already suspect but most investors ignore until it’s too late. The real question is whether the actual numbers on “managed” earnings are too low.

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Disclaimer

  • Patti Domm

    Patti Domm is CNBC Executive Editor, News, responsible for news coverage of the markets and economy.

  • A CNBC reporter since 1990, Bob Pisani covers Wall Street from the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.

  • CNBC Senior Commodities Correspondent and Personal Finance Correspondent

  • JeeYeon Park is a writer for CNBC.com. Follow her on Twitter: @JeeYeonParkCNBC

  • Rick Santelli joined CNBC Business News as an on-air editor in 1999, reporting live from the floor of the Chicago Board of Trade.

  • Senior Producer at CNBC's Breaking News Desk.