There are various reasons to rename a business. Beyond making the name easier to pronounce, they include new ownership or a desire to rejuvenate a brand or to do away with negative associations.
The private security contractor Blackwater Worldwide, for instance, has changed its name twice in the last three years. After five Blackwater guards were indicted in 2008 on manslaughter and weapons charges in connection with the killing and injuring of unarmed civilians in Iraq, the company changed its name to Xe Services. (The case was dismissed, but an appeals court reopened it against four of the guards, and the Justice Department is now seeking an indictment of them.) In 2010, Xe Services became Academi when it changed ownership.
Sports news spurred a name change at Pujols 5, a restaurant outside of St. Louis that was named after the baseball star Albert Pujols. The name was fine as long as he played for the St. Louis Cardinals, but last December he joined the Los Angeles Angels.
Immediately after the news was announced, “We started getting phone calls and cancellations,” said the restaurant’s owner, Patrick Hanon. Guards were stationed around a statue of Mr. Pujols outside the restaurant because “People were throwing stuff at it — it was crazy,” Mr. Hanon said. Sales dropped 75 percent.
In February, Mr. Hanon changed his restaurant’s name to the St. Louis Sports Hall of Fame Bar and Grill, but that didn’t work, either. “People thought we were a museum,” he said.
Now, the restaurant is known as Patrick’s Restaurant & Sports Bar, which is what it was called before it became Pujols 5 in 2006. Business is back and customers are no longer confused, Mr. Hanon said.
Famous Name Changes
More famous corporate name changes include Datsun to Nissan; the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company to the International Business Machines Corporation, or I.B.M. ; and BackRub, the precursor to Google.
Big or small, companies always face the challenge of telegraphing a new name in a way that doesn’t alienate loyal customers. Ira Kalb, a marketing professor at the University of Southern California’s Marshall School of Business, said the change shouldn’t “destroy all the positive brand equity that has been built up over years.”
PINCH PROVISIONS’ products are available in thousands of independent boutiques nationwide, as well as at Sephora, Nordstrom and J. Crew stores, so the Kaplans have plenty of brand equity to preserve.
The new name was selected in a brainstorming session with the design and branding firm Beardwood&Co., which offered 16 possibilities. The name was catchy and appropriate — bringing to mind the phrase “in a pinch.” Oh, and it was easy to pronounce.
As a smaller company with limited resources, Pinch Provisions relied more on creativity than extravagance to announce its new identity. To explain the motivation for the change, the Kaplans worked with Delahoyde Projects, a media production company, to assemble footage for a video that was posted on YouTube and distributed via e-mail and social media.
“We actually had someone on our staff collect clips of people mispronouncing our name,” said Stephanie Kaplan. “It was funny, because once we decided to change the name, we started rooting people on, because we wanted more material. We’d say, ‘Oh, I hope they mispronounce it, because we want another clip.’ ”
In addition, a “Pinch Proof” video showed a stylish young woman brushing aside headaches, coffee stains and drooping hemlines — this time to announce the new brand. Behind-the-scenes photographs from the video appeared on Facebook and Instagram, and blog items on Tumblr completed the narrative.
Ms. Kaplan says that it’s too early to tell how the change will affect business, but that she has received a positive response so far.
Looking ahead, is she confident that a new faux pas on national TV can be avoided?
Ms. Kaplan laughed. “That actually wasn’t so bad,” she said. “Right after the mispronunciation, our Web site crashed” because of heavy traffic. Despite the spoken error, the company’s name was spelled correctly at the bottom of the screen, allowing viewers to find the Web site.
“It was back up shortly. Up until that day, it was the biggest day our company ever had.”