Total Cost: $57,711
Room & Board: $13,137
Founded in 1890 with the help of a large donation from John D. Rockefeller, the University of Chicago has produced Nobel laureates, Fields medalists and Rhodes scholars at an impressive rate. And it's nicely funded: in 2010 it received a $5.6 million gift to its endowment fund, the 12th-largest such contribution for any school that year.
Attending such a prestigious university doesn’t come cheap: The total cost to attend is $57,711 for the 2012-2013 academic year. According to its website, the school has a financial aid budget of $93.8 million for this academic year, and the average scholarship is $37,500.