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The All-China Federation (China)

Size matters in industrial disputes, and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions is the world's largest by far, counting 190 million members today. Like many other trade unions, the ACFTU was considered a revolutionary organization upon its formation in 1925. The Chiang Kai-Shek government tried to restrict its activities, and members were imprisoned and executed for sedition.

After Mao Zedong's Cultural Revolution in the 1960s, the ACFTU was banned again, re-emerging after Mao's death.

Today, the ACFTU is being backed by Beijing – sort of. The government introduced new labor laws in 2008, which required international companies to create in-house committees for workers to consult with management. The ACFTU has stepped in to register all these groups with the union, effectively making the creation of union chapters mandatory.

China Photos - Getty Images