With record demand for gold, refiners are busier than ever.
The Rand Refinery outside of Johannesburg is the largest gold refiner in the world. It has produced more than 40,000 tons of gold since opening nearly a century ago, which is delivered all over the globe to: banks, mints, industrial manufacturers and jewelry makers.
"Once the weight has been verified we sent the dore [unrefined gold] to this department to be evaluated," says Roger Cumede, Rand Refinery process leader. Evaluating purity, he says, is a crucial part of the process.
Here's how the gold refinement process works: Directly from the mines, the raw material pre-refinement is roughly 80 percent to 90 percent pure gold.
A glimpse into the process:
Stamped with a unique serial number and the seal of the refinery, the gold will be sent around the globe to places such as London or New York, the epicenters of the gold buillion market.