* Gurdon, Yamanaka recognised for stem cell research
STOCKHOLM, Oct 8 (Reuters) - A British and a Japanesescientist won the Nobel Prize for Medicine on Monday for workon creating stem cells, opening the door to new methods todiagnose and treat diseases.
Briton John Gurdon and Japan's Shinya Yamanaka equally sharethe prize of 8 million crowns ($1.2 million), the Nobel Assemblyat Sweden's Karolinska Institute said in a statement.
"These groundbreaking discoveries have completely changedour view of the development and specialisation of cells."
The discovery offered a new way to create stem cells withthe ability to become different types of tissue by effectivelyturning back the clock on adult cells, restoring them to aso-called "pluripotent" state.
The practical result can be that skin cells can be obtainedfrom ill people to find out more about their diseases anddevelop new therapies.
Medicine is the first of the Nobel prizes awarded each year.Prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace werefirst awarded in 1901 in accordance with the will of dynamiteinventor and businessman Alfred Nobel.($1 = 6.5846 Swedish crowns)
(Editing by Patrick Lannin, Alistair Scrutton and MarkHeinrich)
Keywords: NOBEL MEDICINE/