Retail sales get an iPhone kick, but overall demand weak

Both retail sales & PPI down 0.1% in September
Both retail sales & PPI down 0.1% in September

A gauge of U.S. consumer spending rose in September as Americans likely snapped up Apple's new iPhone and bought leisure goods, but falling sales of automobiles pointed to sluggish economic growth during the third quarter.

The Commerce Department said on Tuesday retail sales excluding automobiles, gasoline and building materials, increased 0.5 percent last month after a 0.2 percent gain in August. The so-called core sales correspond most closely with the consumer spending component of gross domestic product. Core sales last month were boosted by a 0.7 percent advance in receipts at electronics and appliance stores.

An Apple employee rings up a sale at Apple's flagship 5th Avenue store for the launch of two new iPhones, the iPhone 5s, and the iPhone 5c, in New York.
Craig Warga | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Economists polled by Reuters had expected core retail sales to increase 0.4 percent in September.

The increase last month probably reflected sales of Apple's new iPhone. Those sales likely boosted receipts at non-store retailers, mostly Internet sites, which increased 0.4 percent in September. Apple said it sold 33.8 million iPhones in the September quarter.

While Americans bought smart phones, they cut back on automobile purchases, with sales at auto dealers falling 2.2 percent, the biggest drop since October last year.

That pushed down overall retail sales, which fell 0.1 percent in September. It was the first decline since March and followed a 0.2 percent gain in August. Economists had expected retail sales to edge up 0.1 percent last month. Retail sales excluding automobiles rose 0.4 percent.

Households also bought furniture, sporting goods and some building materials and garden equipment. Receipts at service stations were flat. Clothing sales fell 0.5 percent, the biggest fall since April 2012. While core retail sales implied some strength in consumer spending, that probably will not alter views that economic growth slowed in the third quarter.

Data on home sales, manufacturing production and hiring have all suggested growth took a step back from the second quarter's 2.5 percent annual pace.

Prices take a dip

Elsewhere, U.S. producer prices unexpectedly fell in September and the increase in the annual rate was the smallest in nearly four years, pointing to a benign inflation environment.

The Labor Department said its seasonally adjusted producer price index dipped 0.1 percent last month, the first decline since April, after advancing 0.3 percent in August. A Reuters survey of economists had forecast prices received by the nation's farms, factories and refineries would rise 0.2 percent in September.

In the 12 months through September, wholesale prices rose 0.3 percent, the smallest gain since 2009. That compared to a 1.4 percent increase in August. Wholesale prices excluding volatile food and energy costs nudged up 0.1 percent after being flat in August. In the 12 months through September, the so-called core PPI increased 1.2 percent after rising 1.1 percent in August.

The tame wholesale inflation reading, coming on the heels of weak home sales and manufacturing production, as well as sluggish hiring, could offer the Federal Reserve ammunition to stick with monthly bond purchases aimed at stimulating the economy through low interest rates.

A drop in wholesale food prices offset a rise in the cost of energy, depressing overall producer prices. Food prices fell 1.0 percent as the cost of processed poultry recorded its biggest decline since February 2011. Wholesale gasoline prices fell 0.1 percent.

Core PPI was lifted by a 0.9 percent increase in the price of light motor trucks, which was the biggest gain since July 2012, while cosmetics recorded their biggest rise since June 2010.

--By Reuters