Wars and Military Conflicts

Libyan parliament warned by militias: Resign or face arrest

Libyan protesters demonstrate against the extended mandate of the General National Congress, the country's highest political authority, in Benghazi, on February 14, 2014.
Abdullah Doma | AFP | Getty Images

Two powerful Libyan militia groups warned members of parliament to step down Tuesday or face arrest, threatening to escalate a political standoff that has plunged the North African nation into fresh turmoil.

The head of parliament responded by calling the televised statement an attempted "coup against legitimate institutions."

Parliament's term expired on Feb. 7, but lawmakers voted to extend it with plans to hold new elections in the spring. Since then, hundreds of protesters have held daily demonstrations demanding the legislative body be dissolved.

Rival militias, which wield the real power in Libya, have lined up behind competing political factions in what has become a power struggle between Western-backed Prime Minister Ali Zidan and Islamist factions in parliament that are trying to remove him. Tuesday's ultimatum raised fears the situation could devolve into armed confrontation.

It came a day after Libyans marked the third anniversary of the start of their revolution that toppled longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi but left the country with no strong central government or military.

Successive governments have relied on former rebels who fought Gadhafi to fill the security vacuum, but the fighters formed armed groups that have gradually turned the country into fiefdoms independent from government authority.

The joint statement by the al-Qaaqaa and al-Sawaaq militias, which was read on TV by an unnamed commander, called on the parliament "to hand over power" by 9 p.m. (1900 GMT), saying lawmakers who refuse to do so will be considered "usurpers of power" and will be detained.

The commander denounced Islamists saying they are an "epidemic disease for which we will be the cure" and vowed, "in front of God and the people that we are not and we will not be seekers of power ... but protectors of the nation until it stands on its feet to build its military and security institutions."

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The Libya International TV network, owned by a figure connected to the National Forces Alliance, which is among the largest blocs in parliament and backs Zidan as well as the two militias, showed live exercises of men in uniform with a timer counting down the five-hour period given in the ultimatum. Movement of those forces was likely to provoke rival militias in the city of Misrata into action as they back the Islamist factions in parliament.

Nouri Abu Sahmein, the head of parliament, denounced the warning in a statement televised from inside the building housing the legislative body.

"The General National Congress ... rejects all these attempts and considers them a coup against the legitimate institutions and the choices of the Libyan people," he said, adding that he has received promises of protection from the military and other militias. "We will not permit internal fighting among the Libyans."

The 200-member parliament was chosen in June 2012 to help pave the way for a new constitution to be written and new elections held, with a deadline of Feb. 7, 2014. But the political process stalled amid fierce bickering and violence.

Lawmakers led by Islamist factions initially voted to extend their terms without holding new elections but then relented to public outrage and agreed Sunday to hold a new vote, although they did not set a date and failed to appease their opponents. The weak central government has failed to rein in the multiple militias in the country. Zidan was briefly kidnapped by militiamen in October.

Over the summer, eastern militias seized control of oil exporting terminals, sending production plunging from 1.4 million barrels a day to around 600,000, robbing the country of its main revenue source.

Other militias in the south have cut off water supplies to the capital for days. Al-Qaida-inspired fighters, meanwhile, are spreading. The group Ansar al-Shariah, which is believed to be behind 2012 attack on a U.S. diplomatic post in the eastern city of Benghazi that killed the ambassador and three other Americans, is increasing its strength not only in Benghazi, but in cities farther west like Sirte and Ajdabiya.

--By The Associated Press